Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972 SECTION Panaliculata Seiden 1975 TYPE for the section

Another Angle Photo by Lan Lua and the Orchidtalk Website

Inflorescence Photo by Karel & Alex Petrzelka and the Vietnam Orchid Website

Part shade HotCoolWinterEARLYSpring

Common Name The Paniculate Inflorescence Cleisostoma - In China Da Xu Ge Ju Lan

Flower Size .5" [12 cm]

Found in Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Thailand, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Hainan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan China, Vietnam and Taiwan in forests on trees or rocks along valleys at elevations of 200 to 1300 meters as a small sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte with a stiff, upright woody stem carrying several, leathery, disitichous, dorsi-ventrally flattened, strap-like, linear, deeply grooved and folded along the center, noticibly downward curved, apically bilobed leaves that blooms in the winter and early spring on an axillary, at right angles to the stem, 10 to 12" [25 to 30 cm] long, paniculate, each branch 3.6 to 4" [9 to 10 cm] long, 8 to 20 flowered, overall many flowered inflorescence with small, acute, ovate floral bracts

Synonyms *Aerides paniculatum Ker Gawl 1817; Cleisostoma cerinum Hance 1822; Cleisostoma formosanum Hance 1884; Cleisostoma fuscomaculatum (Hayata) Garay 1972; Cleisostoma unciferum (Schltr.) Garay 1972; Garayanthus fuscomaculatus (Hayata) Szlach. 2003; Garayanthus paniculatus (Ker Gawl.) Szlach. 1995; Sarcanthus cerinus (Hance) Rolfe 1903; Sarcanthus formosanus (Hance) Rolfe 1903; Sarcanthus fuscomaculatus Hayata 1914; Sarcanthus paniculatus (Ker Gawl.) Lindl. 1833; Sarcanthus uncifer Schltr. 1924; Vanda paniculata (Ker Gawl.) R. Br. 1820; Vandopsis osmantha Fukuy. ex Masam 1977

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Orchid Genera in Thailand II Seidenfaden Cleisostoma 1975; Indian Orchids A Guide to IDentification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing good; Die Orchideen lieferung 21 Schlechter/Brieger 1989; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; A Field Guide to The Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo okA field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing hmm; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan Lin & Wang 2014 photos fide; Taiwania 60(3):107-116, 2015 - New species of the genus Cleisostoma in the flora of Vietnam Averyanov, Tich and Canh;

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