Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825 SECTION Subulatum Seiden. 1975 TYPE fopr the section

Inflorescence Photos by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Flower Closeup Photos courtesy of André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel, and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Part sun HotSummer TO Fall

Common Name The Awl-Shaped Cleisostoma - Refers to the subulate leaf, narrow, pointed and more or less flattened

Flower Size .32 or more [8 mm+]

Found as a small to medium sized, pendant, semi-terete leafed, hot growing epiphyte in Assam India, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysian peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Borneo, the Moluccas, Sulawesi, and the Philippines in lowlands at elevations of 100 to 500 meters with, pendulous, short stems with upturned apices carrying thick, fleshy, v-channeled, rigid acuminate leaves that blooms on an unbranched, stiffly pendant, to 4 to 6.8" [10 to 17 cm] long, lightly flecked violet brown, shorter than the leaves, racemose, densely many [40] flowered inflorescence with a very shortly triangular floral bract and carries successive opening flowers occuring in the summer and fall.

Synonyms Cleisostoma amabile Teijsm. & Binn. 1853; Cleisostoma dealbatum Lindl. 1843; Cleisostoma secundum Rolfe 1907; Cymbidium flavescens Llanos 1851; Cypripedium linearisubulatum Llanos 1851; Micropera pallida Wall. 1833; Saccolabium secundum Ridley 1907; Sarcanthus amabilis (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm. 1912; Sarcanthus dealbatus (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1864; Sarcanthus oxyphyllus Wall ex Lindl. 1840; Sarcanthus secundus Griff. 1851; Sarcanthus subulatus [Bl.]Rchb.f 1857

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as SArcanthus oxyphyllus; Dansk Botannisk Arkiv Orchid Genera in Thailand Cleisostoma Bl. Seidenfaden 1975; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Sarcanthus subulatus; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as Sarcanthus secundus drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Sarcanthus secundus drawing ok; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as Saracanthus subulatus; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as Saracanthus subulatus drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as Sarcanthus subulatus drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Sarcanthus subulatus; Indian Orchids A Guide to IDentification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing ok; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as C dealbatum; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Die Orchideen lieferung 21 Schlechter/Brieger 1989; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo good; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo good; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo ok; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 5 2010 photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo good; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo good; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo good; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 9 2012 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014;

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------