Cochlioda vulcanica (Rchb. f.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex B.D. Jacks.1893

Another Inflorescence Photos by Jay Pfahl


Common Name or Meaning The Volcano Cochlioda

Flower Size 1 3/4" [4 cm]

Found at elevations of 1400 to 3000 meters in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru as a cool to cold growing, caespiotse, bifoliate lithophyte, on cliff faces, or epiphyte in the lower reaches of the damp cloud forest high up on exposed branches with an ovoid, laterally compressed pseudobulb having a single, apical, oblong, attenuate to a short, conduplicate petiole, acute leaf that blooms on an basal, axillary, erect to arcuate, to 12" [30 cm] long, racemose inflorescence that is much longer than the leaves and subtended by a leaf or dried leaf sheath with many [6 to 18], widely opening flowers occurring in the late summer and fall on mature pseudobulbs. This species is pollinated by hummingbirds.

Synonyms Cochlioda vulcanica var. splendens Froebel ex Cogn. 1898; *Mesospinidium vulcanicum Rchb. f. 1872; Oncidium vulcanicum [Rchb.f] Chase & NH Wms. 2008

References W3 Tropicos Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Mesospinidium vulcanicum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing hmm; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 10 1957 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 1 1970 photo; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing/photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 416 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 019 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1994 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 32 1996; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 2 2002 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 #10 2005 photo fide; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005 drwaing fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 10 2005 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 4 2006 photo fide; Miniature Orchids Frownie 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2008 as Oncidium vulcanicum photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide