!Coelia triptera (Sm.) G. Don ex Steud. 1840

Photo by © Lourens Grobler.

Lip detail

Photo by © Alec M Pridgeon


Photo by © Noble Bashor


Common Name or Meaning The Three Winged Coelia

Flower Size 1/2" [1.5 cm]

Vera Cruz Mex., 1372 to 1400 meters elev., Near Huestaca,

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto Rica at 500 to 1400 meters in pine-oak, liquambar forests and montane rainforests as a a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte or lithophytic herb with clustered, ovoid to ellipsoid, olive green pseudobulbs carrying up to 5 apical, subplicate, coriaceous, linear-elliptic, acuminate leaves that occurs that blooms in the late winter and spring with a lax or crowded, basal, 4 to 10" [10 to 26 cm] long, bracteate raceme arising on a mature pseudobulb carrying very fragrant flowers that do not open well, found high in trees along streams, and becoming very dense masses of plants.

Synonyms Coelia baueriana Lindl. 1830; Coelia glacialis Van Houtte 1841; Cymbidium tripterum [J.J.Sm.]Sw. 1799; *Epidendrum tripterum Sm. 1793

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as C baueriana drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 5 1963 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984 drawing/photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 6 1987 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 9 Salazar 1990 drawing fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing/photo fide; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #2 2015 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 as Coelia baueriana drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018