Coelogyne cristata Lindley 1821 SECTION Coelogyne TYPE for the Section Photo by Araflora and their Online Orchid Catalog

Inflorescence Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Alba Variety Photo by Karel & Alex Petrzelka and the Vietnam Orchid Website

FragrancePart shadeColdTo Cool MID Winter To EARLYSpring

Common Name or Meaning The Crested Coelogyne [refers to the keels of the lip] - In China Bei Mu Lan

Flower Size Up to 4" [up to 10 cm]

This species is from the western Himalayas, eastern Himalayas, Assam, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Java in lower to upper montane forests at altitudes of 1500 to 2600 meters and is a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte and occasional lithophyte with oblong, smooth, clustered to well spaced pseudobulbs carrying 2, apical, plicate, 3 to 10 nerved, narrowly lanceolate, sessile, acute, slightly undulate leaves that blooms on a terminal, pendulous to semi-erect, 6 to 12" [15 to 30 cm] long, racemose, few to several [3 to 10], fragrant flowered inflorescence with persistant bracts arising basally on a mature growth and occuring from mid-winter till spring.

They have ovoid pseudobulbs well spaced on a visible rhizome with two narrowly lanceolate, flexible leaves.

In the wild they have year round fog and mist and a very bright winter and grow on mossy trees or on exposed rock outcrops.

Synonyms Coelogyne cristata f. hololeuca (Rchb.f.) M.Wolff & O.Gruss 2007; Cymbidium speciosissimum D. Don 1825; Pleione speciosissima (D.Don) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo good; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as C cristata var hololeuca; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as C cristata var duthei; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 10 1957 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 5 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 10 1970 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 5 1983 photo; Die Orchideen lieferung 15 Schlechter/Brieger 1984 drawing fide/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; AOS Bulletin Vol 555 No 6 1986 photo; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithanis 1986 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 3/238 1991 photo; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 10 1994 photo; Orchids of Nagaland Deorani & Naithani 1995 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 12 2000 drawing; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 4 2002 photo; The Genus Coelogyne A Synopsis, D A Clayton 2002 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 2 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 3 2004; The World's Most Beautiful Orchids Allikas & Nash 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 1 2006; Miniature Orchdis Frownie 2007; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Genera Orchidaceaerum Volume 4 Epidendroideae Part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb and Chase 2010; Les Coelogynes E & J George 2011 photo fide;

Coelogyne cristata Lindley 1821 var alba Photo courtesy of Roger Crisp

Coelogyne cristata Lindley var. lemoniana Lindley 1821 Photo courtesy ofGreg and Kerri Steenbeeke and their Orkology Kreations Website

Flower Size under 4" [6 to 9 cm]

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