!Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820 Photo by © Jose Quiles

Inflorescence Photo by © JM.Dreuillaux and the Orchids of France and Europe

Plant and Flowers in situ Iceland Photo by © Antoine Le Lirzin

FragranceFull sunColdLATE Spring To Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Greenish Coeloglossum - Frog Orchid - In China Ao She Zhang Lie Lan

Flower Size 3/8 - 1/2" [.9 to 1.25 cm]

A miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial occuring in the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Spain, France, Corsica, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, western Russia, central Russia, eastern Russia, western Siberia, eastern Siberia, Kazakastan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Iran, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, western Himalayas, Pakistan, Nepal, eastern Himalayas, the Aluetians, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, British Colombia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, Minnesota, Wisconson, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, New York, New Jersey, Massechussets, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine in upper montane forests at elevations of 100 to 4500 meters and is one of the most widespread orchids in the world with 2 ovoid or lobed tubers and a stem with brown sheaths carrying 2 to 5, light green, ovate to oblong becoming lanceolate towards the apex of the stem leaves which blooms in the late spring and summer on an erect, terminal, 3 to 13" [7.5 to 32.5 cm] long, lax, cylindrical spike with bracts and from 5 to 25, fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Chamorchis viridis [L.] Dumort. 1827; Coeloglossum bracteatum (Willd.) Parl. 1850; Coeloglossum bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Parl. 1860; Coeloglossum bracteatum (Willd.) Schltr. 1920; Coeloglossum coreanum (Nakai) Schltr. 1920; Coeloglossum erdingeri A. Kern. 1864; Coeloglossum islandicum (Lindl.) Kom. 1927; Coeloglossum kaschmirianum Schltr. 1920; Coeloglossum nankotaizanense (Masam.) Masam. 1968; Coeloglossum taiwanianum S.S.Ying 1975; Coeloglossum vaillantii Schur 1866; Coeloglossum viride f. bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Coeloglossum viride f. bracteatum (Muehl.) Gruss & Wolfe 2007; Coeloglossum viride f. integrum Soó 1970; Coeloglossum viride f. islandicum (Lindl.) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Coeloglossum viride f. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Coeloglossum viride subsp. bracteatum (Muehl.) Richt. 1890; Coeloglossum viride subsp. bracteatum (Willd.) Hult; Coeloglossum viride subsp. coreanum (Nakai) Satomi 1969; Coeloglossum viride var. bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray 1867; Coeloglossum viride var. interjecta (Fernald) Miyabe & Kudô 1932; Coeloglossum viride var. islandicum (Lindl.) Schulze 1898; Coeloglossum viride var. virescens (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Luer 1975; Dactylorhiza viridis (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997; Dactylorhiza viridis var. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) ined.; Entaticus viridis (L.) Gray 1821; Gymnadenia bracteata (Willd.) C. Presl. 1827; Gymnadenia viridis [L.] Rich. 1818; Habenaria bracteata (Willd.) R. Br 1813; Habenaria flava var. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Fernald 1921; Habenaria viridis [L.]R. Br. 1813; Habenaria viridis subsp. bracteata (Muhl. ex Willd.) R.T.Clausen 1949; Habenaria viridis var. bracteata (Willd.) A. Gray 1867; Habenaria viridis var. interjecta Fernald 1926; Herminium nankotaizanense Masam. 1932; Himantoglossum viride (L.) Rchb. 1830; Orchis batrachites Schrank 1786; Orchis bracteata Willd. 1805; Orchis coreana Nakai 1914; Orchis ferruginea (F.W.Schmidt) F.W.Schmidt 1795; Orchis flava var. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Green 1814; Orchis obsoleta Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; Orchis virens Scop. 1772; Orchis virescens Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; Orchis viridis [L.] Crantz 1769; Orchis viridis var. vaillantii Ten. 1831; Peristylus bracteatus Lindl. 1835; Peristylus islandicus Lindl. 1835; Peristylus montanus Schur 1866; Peristylus virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Lindl. 1835; Peristylus viridis (L.) Lindl. 1835; Platanthera bracteata Torr. 1843; Platanthera islandica (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1931; Platanthera nankotaizanensis (Masam.) Masam. 1932; Platanthera viridis [ L.]Lindley 1829; Platanthera viridis var. bracteata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Rchb.f. 1851; Satyrium alpinum Schmidt 1893; Satyrium bracteale Salisb. 1812; Satyrium bracteatum Pers. 1807; Satyrium ferrugineum F.W. Schmidt 1893; Satyrium fuscum Hudson 1761; Satyrium lingulatum Vill. 1787; Satyrium virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Pers. 1807; *Satyrium viride Linne 1753; Sieberia viridis (L.) Spreng. 1817

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Habenaria viridis drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Platanthera viridis; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Platanthera viridis var bracteata; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 5 1983 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 8 1985 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 2 No 3 1991 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993 as Coeloglossum viride var virescens; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as C nankotaizanensis; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 as Dactylorhiza viride photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Dactylorhiza viridis; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Dactylorhiza viridis drawing fide; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Dactylorchiza viridis; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 as Dactylorhiza viridis photos fide;

Coeloglossum viride var. virescens (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Luer 1975

Inflorescence and Plant in situ Japan Photos by © Hisanori Takeuchi and his Orchids of the World Website

A variety of the previous species that has about the same distribution.

Synonyms Coeloglossum bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Parl. 1860; Coeloglossum coreanum (Nakai) Schltr. 1920; Coeloglossum viride f. bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Höppner 1924 publ. 1925; Coeloglossum viride f. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Coeloglossum viride subsp. bracteatum (Muehl.) Richt. 1890; Coeloglossum viride subsp. coreanum (Nakai) Satomi 1969; Coeloglossum viride var. bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) A.Gray 1867; Coeloglossum viride var. interjecta (Fernald) Miyabe & Kudô 1932; Coeloglossum viride var. virescens (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Luer 1975; Habenaria bracteata (Willd.) R. Br 1813; Habenaria flava var. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Fernald 1921; Habenaria viridis subsp. bracteata (Muhl. ex Willd.) R.T.Clausen 1949; Habenaria viridis var. bracteata (Willd.) A. Gray 1867; Habenaria viridis var. interjecta Fernald 1926; Orchis bracteata Willd. 1805; Orchis coreana Nakai 1914; Orchis flava var. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Green 1814; Orchis obsoleta Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; Orchis virescens Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; Peristylus bracteatus Lindl. 1835; Peristylus virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Lindl. 1835; Platanthera bracteata Torr. 1843; Platanthera viridis var. bracteata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Rchb.f. 1851; Satyrium bracteale Salisb. 1812; Satyrium virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Pers. 1807

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