Coilostylis parkinsoniana [Hkr.] Withner & Harding 2004 Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup Photo by © Diederick Antoni Copyright ©

Common Name Parkinson's Coilostylis [English Consul in Mexico and Orchid Enthusiast 1800's]

Flower Size to more than 6" [to more than 15 cm]

This large sized, cool to cold, pendant growing, epiphytic species is found in Jalisco, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Vera Cruz, and Chiapas states of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama in oak-pine cloud forests at elevations of 1000 to 2300 meters with cylindrical, curved, 3" [7.5 cm] long pseudobulbs enveloped basally by a few scarious, tubular bracts carrying a single apical, pendulous, fleshy, narrowly lanceolate, entirely folded leaf. The apical, 2" [5 cm] long, racemose inflorescence arises from within the base of the folded leaf with 1 to 3, large, longlasting, simultaneously opening, fragrant [citrus] flowers arising from a newly forming pseudobulb and may occur at various times of the year.

Synonyms Brassavola pescatorii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1892; Epidendrum aliofolium Bateman not L. 1840; Epidendrum falcatum Lindley var zeledoniae Schlechter 1923; Epidendrum parkinsonianum Hooker 1840

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as Epidendrum aloifolium drawing fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum falcatum drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum var falcatum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Auliza parkinsonianum; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979 as Epidendru parkinsonianum ; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 37 Hagsater and Salazar 1990 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 as Epidendrum parkinsonianumphoto fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 727 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine and Anderson 1991 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1528 Atwood 1993 drawing fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum; Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 as Epidendrum [parkinsonianum drawing/photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 as Epidendrum parkinsonianumphoto fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004 photo; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005 photo fide; Boletim CAOB No 72 2008 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Part 13 Plate 1368 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum photo fide

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~Coilostylis parkinsonianum Hkr. var. falcatum (Lindl.) Ames, F.T. Hubb. & C. Schweinf. 1935 - See Coilostylis parkinsoniana [Hkr.] Withner & Harding 2004Photo courtesy of Jeff Aguillon

Differs from the typical form in it's markedly smaller flowers and wider later lobes of the lip.