Epidendrum parkinsonianum Hooker 1840 GROUP Coilostylis SUBGROUP Falcatum

Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup

Photo by © Diederick Antoni Copyright ©

Drawing

Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name Parkinson's Epidendrum[English Consul in Mexico and Orchid Enthusiast 1800's]

Flower Size to more than 6" [to more than 15 cm]

This large sized, cool to cold, pendant growing, epiphytic species is found in Jalisco, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Vera Cruz, and Chiapas states of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama in oak-pine cloud forests at elevations of 1000 to 2300 meters with cylindrical, curved, 3" [7.5 cm] long pseudobulbs enveloped basally by a few scarious, tubular bracts carrying a single apical, pendulous, fleshy, narrowly lanceolate, entirely folded leaf. The apical, 2" [5 cm] long, racemose inflorescence arises from within the base of the folded leaf with 1 to 3, large, longlasting, simultaneously opening, fragrant [citrus] flowers arising from a newly forming pseudobulb and may occur at various times of the year.

"Epidendrum parkinsonianum Hook. belongs to the GROUP Coilostylis SUBGROUP Falcatum , characterized by the pendent, sympodial, caespitose habit, roots only at the base of the first stems, a single, fleshy, succulent, lanceolate leaf, the large, star-shaped flowers, and the deeply 3-lobed lip. The species is epiphytic, has thin stems, carrying 1 to 3 large flowers and but larger flowers with sepals 1.8 to 3.8" [45 to 95 mm] long, sepals and petals green, the lip white, except for the yellow calli. It is very similar to Epidendrum falcatum Lindl. but it is lithophytic, has 4 to 8 flowers, thickened, brittle stems, and the flowers are similar in size with the sepals 1.2 to 2.08" [30 to 52 mm] long with the sepals and petals pink, lip white, except for the yellow calli. Epidendrum ixilum is also epiphytic, also has thin stems, and 1 to 3 smaller olive-flowers with green sepals 1.68 to 1.72" [42 to 43 mm] long and petals, somewhat tinged copper, the lip white at the base, with the mid-lobe pink, copper colored and green apically. The color is reminiscent of Epidendrum lacertinum Lindl., but that species has thickened, pseudobulbous stems, and the inflorescence many-flowered." Adapted from Plate 1529 Hagsater etal 2015

Synonyms Brassavola pescatorii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1892; Coilostylis parkinsoniana [Hkr.] Withner & Harding 2004; Epidendrum aliofolium Bateman not L. 1840; Epidendrum falcatum Lindley var zeledoniae Schlechter 1923;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as Epidendrum aloifolium drawing fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as E falcatum drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum parkinsonianum var falcatum; AOS Bulletion Vol 33 #3 1964 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 ; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #1 1967 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #4 1967; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Auliza parkinsonianum; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 photo fide; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 3 1987 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 37 Hagsater and Salazar 1990 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 727 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 31 Hagsater & Sanchez 1990 see recognition section; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine and Anderson 1991 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1528 Atwood 1993 drawing fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001; Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 drawing/photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 aphoto fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 #7 2004 parkinsonianum photo fide; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 as Coilostylis parkinsonianum photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005 photo fide; Boletim CAOB No 72 2008 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #6 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1337 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Part 13 Plate 1368 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #7 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 82 #10 2013 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1529 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 3 2017 photo fide;

-----------------------------------------------------------------------