Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad 1829

Photo by Prem Subrahmanyam and his Florida Native Orchids Blogspot

Plant in Mexico

Photo by Carlos Velazco Macias


Common Name Spring Coral-Root or Wister's Coral-root

Found in New Jersey, Pennsylvannia, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, Maryland, Washington DC, Delaware as well as northern Mexico as a leafless, cold growing mycoheterotrophic plant that derives its food from decaying organic matter, and has only tubers, no leaves and an erect stem that blooms in winter and spring on a leafless inflorescence with flowers arising from the ground, occuring in shady hardwoods and swampy woodlands with thick and fleshy corms and a branched rhizome giving rise to an erect, racemose, many [5 to 15] flowered, pink to brown inflorescence arising out of the ground.

It's common name is either Spring Coral-root, or Wister's Coral-root.

It differs from C maculata because it has larger flowers, a trilobed lip and flowers in the summer instead of the winter and early spring

Synonyms Corallorrhiza elliptica Schltr. 1918; Corallorrhiza fimbriata Schltr. 1925; Corallorrhiza hortensis Suksd. 1927; Corallorrhiza punctata A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Corallorrhiza wisteriana f. albolabia P.M.Br. 1995; Corallorhiza wisteriana f. cooperi P.M.Br. 2004 publ. 2005; Neottia punctata (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 photo; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Corallorrhiza fimbriata; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 12 2001 as C wisteriana fma rubra photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Orchids Of Mexico Parts 2 & 3 Plate 543 Hagsater, Soto 2002 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 75 #2 2011 Photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #1 2014 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 # 6 2019 photo fide;