Coryanthes macrantha [Hooker]Hooker 1831 SECTION Lamellunguis Photo by Jay Pfahl

Another Flower

Another Angle Photo by Zainal Abidin Bin Othman

Brazilian Part of Larger Coryanthes macrantha complex by Gerlach pers. comm. Eric Christenson Photo by Marcos Campacci


Common Name The Bucket Orchid or Monkey Throat Orchid in Trinidad

Flower Size 5" [13 cm]

The Bucket Orchid or Monkey Throat Orchid is a large sized, hot growing epiphyte found from Trinidad, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Brazil in wet lowland rain forests, that has narrowly ovoid, sulcate, bifoliate pseudobulbs with lanceolate, plicate, ribbed leaves with a channeled petiole which blooms on a basal, pendant, 12" [30 cm] long, bracteate, 1 to 2 flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb that carries a large, waxy, short lived, fragrant flower smelling strongly of mint held well below the plant and occuring in summer.

This plant is often found associated with ants but it is not the rule.

Synonyms *Gongora macrantha Hooker 1831; Panstrepis paradoxa Raf. 1836

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI 97 - 114 Hoehne 1942 drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 9 1957 photo; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 3/4 1977/8; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 1 1978 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988 photo; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 223 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 5 1998 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 44-45 pg 2763 - 2898 Brieger 2001; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 4 2003 photo; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 no 7 2004 drawing; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 1 2007 photo; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 5 Epidendroideae Part 2 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and rasmusen 2009 drawing fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlatch, Veyret, Mytnik-ejsmant, Sawicka, Rutkowski and Baranow 2012 drawing/photo fide