Cranichis diphylla Sw. 1788 Photo by Costa Rica Linda and Their Costa Rica Linda Website

Drawing Drawing by Dunsterville and Garay and The Swiss Orchid Faoundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website


Common Name The 2 Leaved Cranichis

Flower Size 1/4" [7mm]

Found in the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Surinam, Ecuador and Peru in soil in wet lower montane forests and cloud forests in peaty soils on damp shady banks at elevations of 500 to 2200 meters as a small sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial with 2 basal, subequal, cordate, medium green with velvety sheen above, paler below leaves that blooms in the later spring on an erect, to 10" [to 25 cm] long, pinkish, finely pubescent, somewhat laxly, many flowered, terminal, racemose inflorescence

Distinguished by the small plants with a basal pair of leaves that are spashed with white, the glabrous margined petals, the glandular-pubescent ovary, the ovate to broadly elliptic, concave, sessile to subcordate base lip and the disc of the lip obcordately papulose thickened.

Synonyms Cranichis alfredii Schltr. 1923; Cranichis guatemalensis Schltr. 1906; Cranichis nigrescens Schltr. 1912; Cranichis ovatilabia Schltr. 1920; Cranichis pittieri Schltr.1912; Cranichis stictophylla Schltr. 1920; Cranichis tenuiflora Griseb. 1866;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 58 Schlechter 1920 as C ovatilabia; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 58 Schlechter 1920 as C stictophylla; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile VII Ames 1922 as C tenuiflora; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 47: 18 1929 as C ovatilabia drawing fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 47: 20 1929 as C stictophylla drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as C nigrescens; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as C ovatilabia; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as C pittieri; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as C stictophylla; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 1 Foldats 1969 drawing ok; Orchids of Peru 1st supplement Schweinfurth 1970; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 drawing fide; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1211 Hamer 1985 drawing good; Orchid of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Correll 1985; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing hmm; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Orchidaeceae Antillanae Nir 2000 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum,Herrera and Zamora 2003; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo hmm; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014