Cranichis lehmannii Rchb.f. 1878


Photos by Andreas Kaye and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website


Drawing of C cylindrostachys by Schlechter


Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

Common Name Lehmann's Cranichis [German Council and Orchid Collector in South America 1800's]

Flower Size 1/4" [8mm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in upper montane cloud forests at elevations around 1500 to 1800 meters as a medium sized, cool growing terrestrial with 4 to 5, basal, erect-patent, ovate, subacuminate, shortly and obliquely cordate below into the conduplicate, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring on a terminal, erect, 6" [15 cm] long, subdensely many flowered, racemose inflorescence with remotely, 3 to 4 sheaths and linear-setaceous, acuminate, as long as the ovaries floral bracts.

Distinguished by the foliaceous peduncle, the glabrous ovary, the lip with a membraneous margin, the disc of the lip 3 nerved, papillose-verrucose, the single nerved, linear-oblong petals with entire margins, the elongate, narrowly cylindric, subdensely many flowered inflorescence, the elliptic lip and the apical 1/4 of the disc is cushion-like and ballooned out.

Synonyms Cranichis cylindrostachys Schltr. 1920; Cranichis monophylla Lindl. 1846; Cyclopogon monophyllus (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920; Sauroglossum monophyllum (Lindl.) Griseb. 1866; Spiranthes monophylla (Lindl.) Cogn.1909

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis, Schlechter. 1920 as C cylindrostachys; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile VII Ames 1922 as C monophylla; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 47: 18 1929 as C cylindrostachys drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 C cylindrostachys; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as C monophylla; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as Cyclopogon monophyllus; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 as C monophylla drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Primera Parte Foldats 1969 as C monophylla; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing good; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing ok; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 as C lehmannianaphoto fide; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005 drawing good but no cilia on the petals; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo not = C ciliata; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide