!Cremastra appendiculata (D.Don) Makino 1904

Plant and Flowers in situ

Photos by Takato NATSU from Japan and his Japan Orchids Page

Full shadeCoolColdSpring

Common Name The Small Appendages Cremastra [refers to the warty Lip callus] - in Japan - Saihai-ran - In China Du Juan Lan

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm] long

Found in far eastern Russia, Japan Korea, China, Taiwan, eastern Himalayas, Assam India, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand and Vietnam in dense forests in shade at elevations of 1330 to 2300 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with a single, plicate, elliptic-lanceolate, 8 to 16" [20-40 cm] long, acute apically, gradually narrowing below into the elongate, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring on a terete, erect, racemose 12 to 20" [30-50 cm], 3 to 30 flowered inflorescence with narrow flowers.

Synonyms Cremastra appendiculata f. albiflora B.Kill & Y.N.Lee 2004; Cremastra appendiculata var. sonamii Lucksom 2007; Cremastra appendiculata var. variabilis (Blume) I.D.Lund 1988; Cremastra appendiculata var. viridiflora (Honda) Aver. 1994; Cremastra bifolia C.L.Tso 1933; Cremastra lanceolata (Kraenzl. ex Diels) Schltr. 1919; Cremastra mitrata A.Gray 1859; Cremastra triloba Hayata 1912; Cremastra variabilis (Blume) Nakai 1930; Cremastra variabilis var. viridiflora Honda 1936; Cremastra wallichiana Lindl. 1833; *Cymbidium appendiculatum D.Don 1825; Hyacinthorchis variabilis Blume 1849; Pogonia lanceolata Kraenzl. ex Diels 1900

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Cremastra wallichiana drawing fide; Icones plantarum formosanarum nec non et contributiones ad floram formosana Hayata 1912 as Cremastra triloba; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960 as Eulophoa sp. Fig 361 pg 487-488 drawing fide; ; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as C wallichii; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Opera Botanica # 95 Seidenfaden 1988 as A appendiculata var variablilisdrawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 drawing/photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawin gphoto fide; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 drawing fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as C appendiculata var variabilis; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 81 #3 2012 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;

Cremastra appendiculata f. albiflora B.Kill & Y.N.Lee 2004

Photos by Rogier and courtesy of Terrestrial Orchid Gallery

A white color form of the previous species.