Cryptocentrum peruvianum (Cogn.) C.Schweinf. 1946 Photo by Duane McDowell and his Flickr Orchid Species Website


Another Drawing

Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

Common Name The Peruvian Cryptocentrum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found near Mocoa Colombia, northwestern Ecuador and Peru in very wet tropical and montane cloud forests at elevations around 200 to 1380 meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with spirally arranged, 4 to 7, setaceous-linear, acute, conduplicate leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on an axillary, short to .4" [1 cm], suberect, single flowered inflorescence with an oval, apiculate floral bract.

Padre Ortiz's drawing above was determined as C hoppii, most references other than Schlechter [Schlechter verifies that it is not the species C peruvianum because of the varying forms of the 2 lips] gives that name as a synonym of C peruvianum subsp peruvianum and split out the varying lip forms to C peruvianum sbsps dactylinum [northwestern Ecuador] and sbsps minus [Peru].

Synonyms *Centroglossa peruviana Cogn. 1907; Cryptocentrum hoppii Schltr. 1924; Cryptocentrum minus Schltr. 1912; Cryptocentrum peruvianum subsp. minus (Schltr.) Carnevali 2001; Cryptocentrum peruvianum subsp. dactylinum Carnevali 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as C minus; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:103 Schlechter 1924 as C hoppii; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Centroglosssa peruviana; Orchids of Peru Vol 3 Schweinfurth 1960 as C minus; Orchids of Peru Vol 3 Schweinfurth 1960; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 034 Dodson 1980 draing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 914 Dodson 1984 as C hoppii drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 as C hoppii drawing good; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 as C hoppii; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005 drawing ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide