!Cyrtorchis arcuata [Lindley]Schlechter 1914 SECTION Cyrtorchis Photo courtesy of Ben Berliner and Willow Pond Orchids

Flower closeup Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids, Copyright 2002 All rights reserved

FragranceFull sunWarm TO ColdSummer

Common Name The Bow-Shaped Raceme Cyrtorchis

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

A widespread, small sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte or occasional monopodial lithophyte from Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cape Province, Natal, and Transvaal South Africa found most often in woodlands but sometimes in riverine forests at or around elevations of 600 to 2500 meters that has a stout, long, pendulous stem enveloped by persistent, distichous, dark brown leaf sheaths carrying many, robust aerial roots and 6 to 12, oblong, obliquely apically bilobed, fleshy coriaceous leaves that blooms in the spring on an axillary, bracteate, raceme up to 8" [to 20 cm] in length, with up to 10 to 14 waxy, nocturnally, sweetly fragrant flowers with prominent bracts occuring in the summer.

This species is best grown in a basket or mounted on treefern and needs high humidity, bright light, cool to warm temperatures and a cooler and drier winter rest to bloom well.

Synonyms Angorchis arcuata (Lindl. ex Hook. f.) Kuntze 1891; Angorchis sedenii Kuntze 1891; *Angraecum arcuatum Lindley 1866; Angraecum sedeni L. Linden & Barb. Rodr. 1884; Angraecum sedenii (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882; Angraecum sedenii (Rchb.f.) G.Nicholson 1884; Angraecum whytei (Rolfe) De Wild. 1916; Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. leonensis Summerh. 1960; Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. whytei (Rolfe) Summerh. 1960 ; Cyrtorchis arcuata var. variabilis (Summerh.) Geerinck 1988; Cyrtorchis arcuata var. whytei (Rolfe) Geerinck 1992; Cyrtorchis bracteata Schltr. 1915; Cyrtorchis neglecta Summerhayes 1960; Cyrtorchis sedeni [Rchb.f] Schlechter 1918; Cyrtorchis whytei (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918 ; Listrostachys arcuata [Lindley] Rchb.f 1864; Listrostachys sedeni Rchb.f 1878; Listrostachys whytei Rolfe 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo ok; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 48-49 Vandeae 1986 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of the Central African Republic- A Provisional Checklist Cribb & Fay 1987; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 2 Pope 1998; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004; Angraecoid Orchids Stewart, Hermans, Campbell 2006

Cyrtorchis arcuata Schltr. var. variabilis ( Summerh. ) Geerinck 1988 Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt

Synonyms *Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. variabilis. Summerh 1960

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo good;

Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. whytei (Rolfe) Summerh. 1960

SynonymsAngraecum whytei (Rolfe) De Wild. 1916; Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. whytei (Rolfe) Summerh. 1960; Cyrtorchis whytei (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918; *Listrostachys whytei Rolfe 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968

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