Cyclopogon cranichoides (Griseb.) Schltr. 1921

Photo by Carl Luer and courtesy of The Swiss Orchid Foundation and the At Jany Renz Herbarium Website

Deep Shade Hot Warm Spring

Common Name The Cranichis-Like Cyclopogon

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Florida, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Bahamas, Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Leewards, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Windwards, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in lower montane forests at elevations around 100 to 100 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial with a tuber giving rise to several, erect-patent, ovate, acute, basally round and petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect, 1 to 3.2" [2.5 to 8 cm] long, laxly several flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, long-acuminate, basally glabrous and puberulous bracts.

Distinguished by the densely many flowered inflorescence, the elliptic to ovate, green, basally rounded leaves, the obtuse, 3 lobed lip and the lip margins that are not thickened.

Synonyms Beadlea cranichoides (Griseb.) Small 1913; Beadlea cranichoides f. alba P.M.Br. & C.L.McCartney 1995; Beadlea cranichoides f. albolabia P.M.Br. & C.L.McCartney 1995; Beadlea storeri (Chapm.) Small 1903; Cyclopogon cranichoides f. albolabia (P.M.Br. & C.L.McCartney) P.M.Br.1998; Cyclopogon nigricans (Schltr.) Schltr. 1920; Cyclopogon storeri (Chapm.) Szlach., Mytnik & Rutk 2003; *Pelexia cranichoides Griseb 1866; Sauroglossum cranichoides (Griseb.) Ames 1904; Sauroglossum nigricans Schltr. 1918; Spiranthes cranichoides (Griseb.) Cogn. 1909; Spiranthes storeri Chapm.1892

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905 as Sauroglossum cranicoides drawing fide; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Spiranthes cranichoides; *Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten III Ecuador Schlechter 1921; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 47: 77 1929 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as C nigricans; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 as Spiranthes cranichcoides drawing hmm; Orchids of Peru 1st supplement Schweinfurth 1970 as Spiranthes cranichoides; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 as Spirathes cranichoides drawing/photos fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Spiranthes cranichoides drawing fide; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 as Beadlea cranichoides drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 362 Dodson 1980 as Beadlea cranichoides drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 611 Hamer & Dodson 1982 as Beadlea cranichoides drawing ok; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1985 as Spiranthes cranicoides drawing good; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Beadlea cranicoides drawing ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing ok; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillane Nir 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 41 pg 2565 - 2625 Brieger 2001 as Beadlea cranichoides drawing fide; arvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal 2001; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005; Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing fide/photo not; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as C storeri