Cyclopogon elatus (Sw.) Schltr. 1919

Plant and Inflorescence

Photos by Luis Felipe Varela

Another Inflorescence

Photo by Eric Hunt

Full shadeHotTo CoolSpring TO EARLYSummer

Common Name The Stately Cyclopogon

Flower Size 1/5" [.5 cm]

Found from Florida, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Bahamas, Cayman, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Venezuela, Surinam, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina in cool wet, scrubby meadows or shaded ravines, forests bordering mangroves or tree filled depressions in lava flows at elevations of sealevel to 2000 meters as a small to large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial or occasional epiphyte? with rosulate, long-petiolate, elliptic, cuneate, acute leaves with a reddish purple mid-vein that blooms in the spring and early summer on an erect, congested, racemose, 3.4 to 32" [8.5 to 80 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate, as long as the ovary floral bracts and to 20 small, tubular flowers.

Synonyms Beadlea elata (Sw.) Small 1918; Cyclopogon densiflorus Schltr. 1921; Gyrostachys haenkeana Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys minor (Jacq.) Kuntze 1891; Ibidium elatum (Sw.) Salisb. 1812; Neottia elata (Sw.) Sw. 1800; Neottia minor Jacq. 1791; Sarcoglottis elata (Sw.) P.N. Don 1845; *Satyrium elatum Sw. 1788; Sauroglossum richardii Ames 1905; Spiranthes elata (Sw.) Rich. 1817; Spiranthes elata var. foliosa Cogn. 1895; Spiranthes elata var. humilis Rchb.f. 1852; Spiranthes elata var. longipetiolata Cogn. 1895; Spiranthes elata var. minutiflora Cogn. 1895; Spiranthes elata var. ovata Cogn. 1905; Spiranthes elata var. parvifolia Cogn. 1895; Spiranthes variegata Kraenzl. 1906;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Spiranthes elata; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Spiranthes elata; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as C densiflorus; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 35: 31 1925; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 47: 108 1929 as C densiflorus drawing fide; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Spiranthes elata; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as C dutrae drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as C densiflorus; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 drawing ok; Orchids of Peru Vol 1 Schweinfurth 1958 as Spiranthes elata drawng fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Spiranthes elatus; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 8 1962 as Spiranthes elata photo good; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 as Spiranthes elata drawing good; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 as Spiranthes elata drawing/photos fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Spiranthes elata drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as Spiranthes elata drawing/photo fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide/ photo hmm; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 Orchidaceae Mc Vaugh 1985 as Spiranthes elata drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1201 Hamer & Dodson 1982 as Beadlea elata drawing ok; Field Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1985 as Spiranthes elata drawing good; Orquideologia Vol 17 No 3 1988 as Sarcoglottis elata photo plant only fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Beadlea elata drawing ok; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing good; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 429 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 3 Orchidoideae Part 2 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmusen 2003 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo ok; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo hmm; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005 drawing good; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammell, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2005; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopes and Dressler 2005; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo hmm; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 plant only photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #7 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 81 #1 2012 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Szatchetko & Kolanowska 2012 drawing/photo fide; Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing good; Orquideas del Valle de Aburra Medillin Colombia COS 2014 photo fide; Orchidees du Bresil As Orquideas da Serra do Castelo Espirito Santo Brasil Vol 1 Chiron & Bolsanello 2015 drawing good/photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 as Neottia minor drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #6 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #1 2018 photo fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018