Cyclopogon peruvianus (C.Presl) Schltr. 1920 Photo by by K Senghas and the Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbarium

Full shadeCoolCold LATERSpring THROUGH MIDFall

Common Name or Meaning The Peruvian Cyclopogon

Flower Size .1" [2.5 mm]

Found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia at elevations of 1400 to 3100 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with narrowly elliptic, acute, gradually narrowing below into the channeled, elongate, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the later spring through mid fall on an erect, to 10" [to 25 cm] long, several to many flowered inflorescence

Disitnguished by the tiny flowers with a flared lip apex and a transversely reniform apical lobe, the epichile free from the petals and the pubescent flowers with 3 nerved sepals.

Synonyms Beadlea peruviana (C.Presl) Garay 1978; Cyclopogon cranichoides Schltr. 1921; Cyclopogon maderoi Schltr. 1920; Cyclopogon minutiflorus (Kuntze) Schltr. 1919; Cyclopogon spiranthoides Schltr. 1920; Gyrostachys minutiflora Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys peruviana (C.Presl) Kuntze 1891; Spiranthes minutiflora Rchb.f. 1854; *Spiranthes peruviana C.Presl 1827; Spiranthes reichenbachiana Garay & Dunst. 1966; Spiranthes spiranthoides (Schltr.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 66 1920 as C maderoi; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 66 1920 as C spiranthoides; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 47: 21 1929 as C maderoi drawing fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 47: 21 1929 as C spiranthoides drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as C maderoi; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as C minutiflorus; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as C spiranthoides; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 as Beadlea peruvianus drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Beadlea peruvianus not = C millei; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 025 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing good; Native Ecuadorian Orchids vol 1 Dodson 1993 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing not = C millei; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 41 2001 as Beadlea peruviana photo fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo good; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2005 drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo hmm

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