Cyclopogon olivaceus (Rolfe) Schltr. 1920



Photos by by K Senghas and the Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbarium

Full shade Hot Cool Fall

Common Name or Meaning The Olive-Green Cyclopogon

Flower Size .1" [2 mm]

Found in Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Colombia, Guyana, Fr Guiana, Surinam, Ecuador and Peru in pluvial montane forests at elevations around 400 to 1000 meters as a small sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial orchid with very a short stem carrying a few, basal, whorled, narrowly elliptic-ovate, brownish green speckled with pink, acute to acuminate apically, cuneate below into the elongate petiolate base leaves that blooms in the fall on an erect, pubescent, to 16" [40 cm] long, loosely many flowered inflorescence

Distiguished by the green leaves variously marked and white spotted, the terminal lobe of the lip luneate, the margins thickened at the isthmus, and the petals with a conical callus at the termination of the midvein.

Synonyms Beadlea olivacea (Rolfe) Garay 1978; Cyclopogon stictophyllus Schltr. 1920; Sarcoglottis olivacea (Rolfe) Schltr. 1921; *Spiranthes olivacea Rolfe 1892;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as C stictophyllus; Orchids of Peru Vol 1 Schweinfurth 1958 as Spiranthes olivacea; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 as Beadlea olivacea drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 429 Dodson 1989 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 41 pg 2565 - 2625 Brieger 2001 as Beadlea olivacea photo fide; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2005; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera, and Zamora 2005; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Szatchetko & Kolanowska 2012 drawing/photo fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo good