Cymbidium atropurpureum (Lindl.) Rolfe 1903 SECTION Cymbidium Hunt 1970

Photo by Steve Feldman

Another Angle

Photo by Ekkehard Schwadtke Orchid Garden Khaolak Websites

Common Name The Black Purple Cymbidium - In China Ye Xiang Lan

Flower Size 1.4" to 1.8" [3.5 to 4.5 cm]

Found in southern Thailand, Central Malaysia, Vietnam, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines in lowland and lower montane forests at an elevations of sea level to 1630 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial or lithophyte on vertical rock faces with clustered pseudobulbs enveloped completely by leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying strap shaped, somewhat hard, deeply grooved, very leathery, long leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on an arching to pendulous, 3'4" [1 meter] long, racemose, densely many [7 to 33] flowered inflorescence with closely set flowers that smell of rancid coconut oil.

Synonyms Cymbidium atropurpureum var olivaceum J.J.Sm. 1910; Cymbidium finlaysonianum var atropurpureum [Lindl.] Veitch 1894; *Cymbidium pendulum var. atropurpureum Lindl. 1854;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 ddrawing/photo fide; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 48 No 3 1984 photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing good; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo not; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo good; AOS Bulletin Supplement Cymbidiums Vol 87 #10 2018 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;