Cymbidium atropurpureum (Lindl.) Rolfe 1903 SECTION Cymbidium Hunt 1970 Photo by Steve Feldman

Another Angle Photo by Ekkehard Schwadtke and his Lanta Orchid Nursery and Orchid Garden Khaolak Websites

Common Name The Black Purple Cymbidium - In China Ye Xiang Lan

Flower Size 1.4" to 1.8" [3.5 to 4.5 cm]

Found in southern Thailand, Central Malaysia, Vietnam, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines in lowland and lower montane forests at an elevations of sea level to 1630 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial or lithophyte on vertical rock faces with clustered pseudobulbs enveloped completely by leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying strap shaped, somewhat hard, deeply grooved, very leathery, long leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on an arching to pendulous, 3'4" [1 meter] long, racemose, densely many [7 to 33] flowered inflorescence with closely set flowers that smell of rancid coconut oil.

Synonyms Cymbidium atropurpureum var olivaceum J.J.Sm. 1910; Cymbidium finlaysonianum var atropurpureum [Lindl.] Veitch 1894; *Cymbidium pendulum var. atropurpureum Lindl. 1854; Cymbidium pendulum var. purpureum [Roxb.] W. Wats. 1890;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 ddrawing/photo fide; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 48 No 3 1984 photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing good; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo not; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo good; AOS Bulletin Supplement Cymbidiums Vol 87 #10 2018 photo fide;