Cymbidium sinense [And.] Willd. 1805 SUBGENUS Jensoa [Raf.] Schlechter 1924 Photo by Lourens Grobler.

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Oak Hill Gardens.

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Common Name The Chinese Cymbidium - in Japan - Hosai-Ran - Taiwan- Ran - In China Mo Lan

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

This is a Chinese and northern Vietnam, miniature sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial occuring in lowland forests in rich humus in damp crevasses or in soils dampened by mists and splash along steep watercourses that is a and has ovoid pseudobulbs carrying narrow-linear, glossy leaves and blooms with a basal, erect, 2' 10" [to 80 cm] long, many [20] flowered, racemose inflorescence with overlapping sheaths and fragrant light sweet floral scented flowers held well above the leaves occuring in the fall through spring.

Synonyms Cymbidium albojucundissimum Hayata 1914 ; Cymbidium chinense Heynh. 1841; Cymbidium fragrans Salisb. 1812; Cymbidium hoosai Makino 1902; Cymbidium hoosai f. hakuran Makino 1902; Cymbidium sinense f. albojucundissimum (Hayata) Fukuy.1932; Cymbidium sinense f. aureomarginatum T.C.Yen 1964; Cymbidium sinense f. pallidiflorum (S.S.Ying) S.S.Ying 1990; Cymbidium sinense f. taiwanianum (S.S.Ying) S.S.Ying 1990; Cymbidium sinense f. viridiflorum T.C.Yen 1964; Cymbidium sinense var. albojucundissimum (Hayata) Masam. 1933; Cymbidium sinense var. album T.C.Yen 1964; Cymbidium sinense var. bellum T.C.Yen 1964; Cymbidium sinense var. margicoloratum Hayata 1916; Cymbidium sinense var. pallidiflorum S.S.Ying 1987; Cymbidium sinense var. taiwanianum S.S.Ying 1987; *Epidendrum sinense Andrews 1802

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964 as C hoosai; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 #11 1969 as C hoosai; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 6 1981 as C hoosai photo fide; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 2 1987 as C hoosai photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 photo good; Orchid Digest Vol 58 No 2 1994 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchid Digest Vol 60 #3 1996 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 11 1997 photo fide; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Orchid Digest Vol 62 #3 1998 photo fide; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 photo; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 photo as C hoosai; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 7 1999 photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 #7 2001 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo ok; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 10 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 1 2005 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 1 2006 drawing not = hybrid; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 2 2006 drawing not = hybrid; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 1 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #3 2019 photo fide;

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Cymbidium sinense var. albo-jucundissimum [And.] Willd. 1805 Photo courtesy of First Ray Orchids

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References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Digest Vol 60 #3 1996 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 7 1999 photo fide;

Cymbidium sinense var. album T.C. Yen 1964 Photo courtesy of Oak Hill Gardens.

A white color form of the previous species.

Cymbidium sinense[And.]Willd. var. Dou [Andr.] Willd.1805 Photo courtesy of First Ray Orchids

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References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 7 1999 photo; AOS Bulletin Supplement Cymbidiums Vol 87 #10 2018 photo fide;

Cymbidium sinense [And.]Willd. var. chin hua san [Andr.] Willd. 1805 Photo courtesy of First Ray Orchids

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Cymbidium sinense [And.]Willd. var. ta ming [Andr.] Willd. 1805Photo courtesy of First Ray Orchids

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References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 7 1999 photo;

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