Cymbidium erythraeum Lindl. 1858 SECTION Cyperorchis Hunt 1970

Photo by Limbo and the Orchid Board

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Stephen Early

FragrancePart shadeCool ColdLATESummerEARLYfall

Common Name The Red-Spotted Lip Cymbidium - In China Chang Ye Lan

Flower Size 3.2" [8 cm]

Found in Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, western Himalayas, Myanmar, China and Vietnam on steep banks in open mossy evergreen forests at elevations of 1000 to 2400 meters as a small to large sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte or lithophyte with ovoid, bilaterally flattened pseudobulbs carrying, 5 to 9, distichous, linear-oblong, gradually tapering to a fine point leaves, articulated 1.2 to 2.4" [3 to 6 cm] from the pseudobulb that blooms in the late summer and early fall on an suberect to arching or horizontal, 5 to 14 flowered, 10" to 30" [25 to 75 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with scarious, lanceolate, acute sheaths and triangular, floral bracts and carrying fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Cymbidium erythraeum var. flavum (Z.J.Liu & J.Yong Zhang) Z.J.Liu, S.C.Chen & P.J.Cribb 2009; Cymbidium flavum Z.J.Liu & J.Yong Zhang 2002; Cymbidium hennisianum Schltr. 1918; Cymbidium longifolium Lindley 1833; Cyperorchis hennisiana (Schltr.) Schltr. 1924; Cyperorchis longifolia (D.Don) Schltr. 1924

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 4 1978 photo fide as C longifolium; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 photo fide; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as C erythraeum var flavum; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as C erythraeum var flavum drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; AOS Bulletin Supplement Cymbidiums Vol 87 #10 2018 photo fide; The Orchid Review Vol 1278 No 1330 June 2020 as C erythraeum var flavum photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;