Cymbidium insigne Rolfe 1904 SECTION Cyperorchis Hunt 1970

Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Flower Closeup

Photo courtesy of Jean Claude George

Another Color Form

Alba color form

Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt


Common Name The Splendid Cymbidium - In China Mei Hua Lan

Flower Size 2.8 to 3 1/2" [7 to 9 cm]

Found in Thailand, Vietnam and Hainan China in highland primary cloud forests in shallow, sandy soils among sandstone rocks often in the shade of low bushes at elevations of 1000 to 2600 meters as a large to giant sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with ovoid, lightly bilaterally flattened pseudobulbs carrying 6 to 10, narrowly linear-elliptic, tapering to an acute apex leaves articulated to a broadly sheathing base, 2 to 6" [5 to 15 cm] from the pseudobulb that blooms in the fall through spring on a sheathed, erect, 3'4" to 4'8" [100 to 150 cm] tall, loosely several to many [to 27] flowered inflorescence and carrying, non-fragrant, close set flowers.

Synonyms Cymbidium insigne f. album (O'Brien) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Cymbidium insigne var. album O'Brien 1917; Cymbidium insigne var sandreae [O'Brien] Hort 1909; Cymbidium insigne subsp. seidenfadenii P.J.Cribb & Du Puy 2007; Cymbidium sanderi O'Brien 1905; Cyperorchis insignis (Rolfe) Schltr. 1924

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1961 drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 8 1980 as C insigne var alba photo fide; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 photo ok; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo hmm; Orchid Digest Vol 57 No 2 1993 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 71 #2 2007 photo fide; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #6 2011; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #1 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #12 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #10 2018 drawing fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;