Cymbidium iridioides D. Don 1825 SECTION Cyperorchis Hunt 1970

Photo by Limbo and the Orchid Board

FragrancePart  shadeCoolTo ColdSummer Fall

Common Name The Iris-Like Cymbidium - In China Huang Chan Lan

Flower Size 3 to 4" [7.5 to 10 cm]

This species is from the Chinese Himalayas, Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, western Himalayas, Myanmar and Vietnam on mossy trees in shady, wet montane forests or on rocks in forests or on cliffbanks and is found at an altitude of 1000-2800 meters as a large sized, cool to cold growing, epiphyte and sometimes lithophye with elongate-ovoid, bilaterally compressed pseudobulbs enveloped basally by distichous, persistent leaf bases and carrying 4 to 7, narrowly lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, acute, mid-green leaves articulated 2.4 to 4.4" [6 to 11 cm] from the pseudobulb to a yellow green, broad leaf base that blooms in the summer and fall on a suberect or horizontal, 18" to 3' [45 to 90 cm] long, racemose, several [4 to 20] flowered inflorescence enveloped by scarious sheaths and triangular floral bracts that carries rather distant, long-lasting, slightly fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Cymbidium giganteum Wall. ex Lindl. 1833; Cyperorchis gigantea (Blume) Schltr. 1924; Iridorchis gigantea [Lindley]Blume ; Limodorum longifolium Buch.-Ham. ex Lindl. 1833

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95 as C giganteum; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as C giganteum drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as C giganteum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as C giganteum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as C giganteum drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as C giganteum; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978 as C giganteum photo fide; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 drawing/photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 2 Tanaka 2004; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Orchid Digest Vol 76 #3 2012 photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 as C giganteum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 11 2017 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #10 2018 as C giganteum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Supplement Cymbidiums Vol 87 #10 2018 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;