Cymbidium kanran Makino 1902 SUBGENUS Jensoa [Raf.] Schlechter 1924 Photo by Lourens Grobler.

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of First Ray Orchids

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Common Name The Cold Growing Cymbidium - In Japan - Kanran - In China Han Lan

Flower Size 2 to 3" [5 to 7.5 cm]

A medium to large sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial species found in north Vietnam and southern China in deep shade in open forests at elevations of 700 to 1800 meters with narrowly ovoid, often conspicuous pseduobulbs enveloped by scarious cataphylls and broad sheathing bases carrying 3 to 5, linear to linear-elliptic, acuminte, arching, dark green, shining leaves that often have serrulate margins towards the apex that blooms on a basal, erect, 20" [50 cm] long, many [10+] flowered, racemose inflorescence with the strongly scented flowers held above the leaves occuring in the winter.

Synonyms Cymbidium kanran f. purpurascens Makino 1902; Cymbidium kanran var. purpureo-hiemale (Hayata) S.S.Ying 1977; Cymbidium linearisepalum Yamam. 1930; Cymbidium linearisepalum f. atropurpureum Yamam. 1932; Cymbidium linearisepalum f. atrovirens Yamam. 1930; Cymbidium linearisepalum var. atropurpureum (Yamam.) Masam. 1933; Cymbidium nigrovenium Z.J.Liu & J.N.Zhang 1998; Cymbidium oreophilum Hayata 1914; Cymbidium purpureohiemale Hayata 1914; Cymbidium sinokanran Yen 1964; Cymbidium sinokanran var. atropurpureum T.C.Yen 1964; Cymbidium tosyaense Masam. 1935

References W3 Tropicos Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No5 1964; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 11 1997 photo; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 as C purpureo-hiemale; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 7 1999 photo; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 10 2004 photo; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo ok; Australian Orchid Review Vol 72 No 4 2007 photo; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide;

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