Cymbidium lancifolium Hook. 1823 SECTION Pachyrhizanthe Schlechter 1924 Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Flower Closeup Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi

FragranceFull shade ColdSpring and Summer

Common Name The Lance-Leafed Cymbidium in Japan Nagi-ran, Otome-nagi-ran - Akizaki-nagi-ran - In China Tu Er Lan

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found from Assam, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, western Himalayas, China, Korea, Japan, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Borneo, Java Moluccas, Sulawesi, Sumatra and New Guinea in broad-leafed hill forests at elevations of 2000 to 2300 meters as a medium sized, cold growing lithophyte on limestone outcroppings and cliffs or terrestrial in damp humus filled crevasses or in rich soils dampened by mists and splash along steep watercourses with fusiform, fleshy pseudobulbs carrying 3 to 6 plicate, thin-textured, elliptic, acute, petiolate leaves which blooms on a erect, to more than 12" [to more than 30 cm] long, with a few [5 to 6] distantly spaced, long-lasting, fragrant flowers occuring in the spring and summer.

Synonyms Cymbidium aspidistrifolium Fukuy. 1934; Cymbidium bambusifolium Fowlie, F.Mark & F.S.Ho 1986; Cymbidium caulescens Ridl. 1915; Cymbidium cuspidatum Blume 1825; Cymbidium gibsoni Lindl. & Paxton 1852-3; Cymbidium javanicum Blume 1825; Cymbidium javanicum var. aspidistrifolium (Fukuy.) F.Maek. 1958; Cymbidium javanicum var. pantlingii F.Maek. 1958; Cymbidium kerrii Rolfe ex Downie 1925; Cymbidium lancifolium f. aspidistrifolium (Fukuy.) T.P.Lin 1977; Cymbidium lancifolium var. aspidistrifolium (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977; Cymbidium lancifolium var. papuanum (Schltr.) S.S.Ying 1990; Cymbidium lancifolium var. syunitianum (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977; Cymbidium maclehoseae S.Y.Hu 1972; Cymbidium nagifolium Masam. 1930; Cymbidium nagifolium Masam. 1930; Cymbidium nagifolium f. conforme Suetsugu 2013; Cymbidium papuanum Schltr. 1913; Cymbidium syunitianum Fukuy. 1935; Cymbidiopsis lancifolia (Hook.) H.J.Chowdhery 2009

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as C javanicum; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1914/85 as Cymbidium papuanum drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 4 1978 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo as C gibsonii; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 5 1980 photo; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as C caulescens drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as C kerrii drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 2 1970 photo as C aspidstrifolium; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 4 1978 photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 4 1978 photo fide as C gibsonii; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 5 1980 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 48 No 3 1984 photo fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 photo good; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing ok; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 as Cym javanicum; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 photo as C gibsonii; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 as C aspidistrifolium; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 as C lancifolium var aspidistrifolium drawing/photo fide;

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