Cymbidium macrorhizon Lindl. 1833 SECTION Pachyrhizanthe Schlechter 1924

Plant and Inflorescence in situ Japan in lowland forest Photos by Madame Popow.

Common Name The Long Rhizome Cymbidium - in Japan Maya-ran [Mt. Maya orchid] - In China Da Gen Lan

Flower Size 1.2 to 1.6" [3 to 4 cm]

Found in Pakistan, the western Himalayas, the Chinese Himalayas, Assam, the eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands and Korea in forests along rivers, in forest margins and on open grassy slopes at elevations of 700 to 1500 meters as a miniature to just medium sized, warm to cool growing, leafless terrestrial with a subterranean, branching, soft, fleshy, tuberculate rhizome giving rise in the spring and summer on a terminal, from the end of the rhizome, erect, 3 to 6 flowered inflorescence enveloped basally by 4 to 8, imbricating, boat-shaped, ovate bracts and oblong-lanceolate, acute floral bracts

Synonyms Aphyllorchis aberrans (Finet) Schltr. 1911; Bletia nipponica Franch. & Sav. 1878; Cymbidium aberrans (Finet) Schltr. 1919; Cymbidium aphyllum Ames & Schltr. 1919; Cymbidium macrorhizon var. aberrans (Finet) P.J.Cribb & Du Puy 2007; Cymbidium nipponicum (Franch. & Sav.) Rolfe 1895; Cymbidium pedicellatum Finet 1900; Cymbidium sagamiense (Nakai) Makino & Nemoto 1931; Cymbidium szechuanensis S.Y.Hu 1973; Cymbidiopsis macrorhiza (Lindl.) H.J.Chowdhery 2009; Pachyrhizanthe aberrans (Finet) Nakai 1931;.Pachyrhizanthe aphylla Nakai 1931; Pachyrhizanthe aberrans (Finet) Nakai 1931; Pachyrhizanthe macrorhizos (Lindl.) Nakai 1931; Pachyrhizanthe nipponica (Franch. & Sav.) Nakai 1931; Pachyrhizanthe sagamiensis Nakai 1931; Yoania aberrans Finet 1900

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; Orchids Digest Vol 42 No 4 1978 photo fide; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 photo; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 199 1drawing fide/photo fide; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 3 Tanaka 2007; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo fide; The Genus Cymbidium Du Puy & Cribb 2007 photo/drawing fide; *Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide