Cynorkis purpurascens Thouars 1822 SECTION Cynorkis

Another Flower Angle

Photo by Olaf Pronk and Laurette E.U.R.L. orchids of Madagascar

Another Flower

Photo by Lourens Grobler


Common Name The Shimmering Purple Cynorkis - In Madagascar - Katsakandrango, Fitsotsoka and Tsimpelany

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Madagascar and the Mascarenes on shady rocks or sometimes on mossy tree trunks at elevations of sealevel to 1500 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to cool growing lithophyte or occasional epiphyte with a solitary, deciduous, oval-lanceolate leaf that appears with or after an inflorescence has arisen occuring in the spring, summer through fall on a glabrous, subcorymbiform, 10 to 35 flowered inflorescence with a solitary caulinar sheath.

Synonyms Cynorkis praecox (Schltr.) Schltr. 1924; Cynorkis purpurascens var. praecox Schltr. 1913; Cynosorchis praecox (Schltr.) Schltr. 1924; Cynosorchis purpurascens Thou. 1822; Cynosorchis purpurascens var. praecox Schltr. 1913; Gymnadenia purpurascens (Thouars) A.Rich. 1828; Orchis purpurascens (Thouars) Spreng. 1826

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Historie Particulier des Plantes Orchidees Recueilles Sur Trois Iles Australes d'Afrique Thouars 1822 as Cynosorchis purpurescens drawing hmm; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Cynosorchis purpurescens; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Cynosorchis purpurescens photo ok; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1939/81 as Cynosorchis purpurescens; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974 drawing column only; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 6 2006 photo; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans, Du Puy, Cribb & Bosser 2007 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 # 6 2008 photo not = C calanthoides; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #3 2009 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009 photo fide; Les Orchidees de Madagascar Bosser & Lecoufle 2015 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #3 2017 photo fide; A la Recherche des Orchidees de Madagascar Hervouet 2018 photo fide;