Cynorkis tryphioides Schltr. 1913 SECTION Parviflorae [syn Hemiperis]

Photo by and Mobot Madagascar Photo List

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Bardot & Vaucoulon and Mobot Madagascar Photo List

Full shade Hot Cool LATESpring Summer

Common Name The Tryphia-Like Cynorchis [Tryphia - A synonym of the Orchid genus Holothrix]

Flower Size .32 to .4" [.8 to 1 cm] long

Found in northwestern Madagascar in grasslands and open dry forests on calcareous rocks in leaf detrius at elevations of 250 to 2000 meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with 2, radical, ovate, prostrate on the substrate, acute leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on an erect, glabrous, 2" [5 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with as long as the ovary floral bracts

The orchid in the photo above is Cynorkis tryphioides var. leandriana (H.Perrier) Bosser 1969 and differs from the type in the shape of the short, tri-lobed lip, the shape of the rostellum and it's much larger leaves.

Synonyms Benthamia leandriana H.Perrier 1951; Bicornella tryphioides (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006; Cynorkis tryphioides var. leandriana (H.Perrier) Bosser 1969; Cynosorchis triphioides Schltr. 1913

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1936/81 as Cynosorchis tripioides; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009; Les Orchidees de Madagascar Bosser & Lecoufle 2015 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #3 2017 photo fide; A la Recherche des Orchidees de Madagascar Hervouet 2018 photo fide;