Cyrtochilum cimiciferum ( Rchb.f. ) S.Dalström 2001 SECTION Cimicifera Lindley

Column and Lip detail Photos by © Guido Deburghgraeve

Inflorescence

Plant and Flowers in situ Ecuador Photos by © Lourens Grobler

Side View of Flower Photo by © Eric Hunt

Another Flower Photo by © Jay Pfahl

What is known as C rusbyi

Side View of C rusbyi

Common Name The Bug Carrying Cyrtochilum

Flower Size .6" [1.6 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador near Quito, Peru and Bolivia at elevations around 1850 to 2250 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte or terrestrial with ovate or elliptic-ovate, laterally compressed, ancipitous pseudobulbs carrying lanceolate, acute, narrowing below into a conduplicate, slightly petiolate base leaves that blooms in the fall and winter on an axillary, 21" [51 cm] long, apically fractiflex, paniculate, shortly branched, widely spaced, each branch 2 flowered, 2 to 2.4" [5 to 6 cm] between each flower, to 12 flowered, inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb with a few widely spaced, branches and carrying many widely spaced 2 to 2.4" [5 to 6 cm] flowers.

Distinguished from others by the wiry inflorescence with conspicuous, rounded spathaceous floral bracts and smallish yellow and brown flowers with a stout column usually equipped with minute erect apical auricles. The closest relatives would be C midas which has whitish flowers and C williamsianum which has pinkish flowers.

Synonyms Cyrtochilum macropus (Linden & Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917; Cyrtochilum miradorense (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Dalström 2001; Cyrtochilum rusbyi (Rolfe ex Britton) Kraenzl. 1917; Cyrtochilum wetzelii (Königer) J.M.H.Shaw 2014; *Odontoglossum cimiciferum Rchb.f. 1849; Oncidium cimiciferum ( Rchb.f. ) Beer 1854; Oncidium cimiferum Rchb.f. ex Linden 1882; Oncidium flexuosum Lindley not Sims 1822; Oncidium macropus Linden & Rchb.f. 1868; Oncidium miradorense D.E. Benn. & Christenson 1992; Oncidium rusbyi Rolfe ex Britton 1895; Trigonochilum cimiciferum (Rchb.f. ex Lindl.) Königer 2009; Trigonochilum macropus (Linden & Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994; Trigonochilum miradorense (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Königer 2008Trigonochilum rusbyi (Rolfe ex Britton) Königer & Schildhauer 1994; Trigonochilum wetzelii Königer 2012

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853 as Oncidium flexuousum; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as C macropus; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as C rusbyi; Orchids of Peru Vol 4 Schweinfurth 1961 as Oncidium cimiciferum; Venezuelan Orchids illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 as Oncidium cimiciferum drawing good; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 as Oncidium cimiciferum drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Oncidium cimiciferum drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0122 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 532 Bennett & Christenson 1998 as Oncidum miradorense drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Oncidium cimiciferum drawing good; *Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as C miradorense; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as Oncidium cimiciferum photo good; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as Oncidium flexuosum Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 as Oncidium cimiciferum; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 as Oncidium macropus; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium/Odontoglossum alliance Bakers 2006; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium/Odontoglossum alliance Bakers 2006 as C miraddorense; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 as C sp pg 101 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 as C sp pg 102 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide as C miradorense; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 drawing fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Zamora Chinchipe Tomo 1 Epidendroideae I Jimenenz 2014 photo hmm; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 4 Kolanowska and Szlachetko 2016 as Trigonochilum cimiciferum drawing good; Orquideas Del Valle De Aburra Medellin Colombia COS 2014 as C sp pg 64 bottom photo good; Orquideas Del Valle De Aburra Medellin Colombia COS 2014 photo good

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