!Cyrtosia javanica Blume 1825

Plant and Flower in situ Cameron Highlands Photos by David Kuehn

Plant and Inflorescence

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Donald Tan

to

Common Name The Javanese Cyrtosia - In China Rou Guo Lan

Flower Size vertically 5/8" [1.4 cm]

Occurring in Thailand, penninsular Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Taiwan in bamboo forests at elevations of 700 to 2700 meters in lower montane, primary, evergreen, broad-leafed forests as a miniature to small sized, warm to cold growing leafless mycoheterotrophic herb with a stout, erect rhizome with several spreading cylindrical fleshy roots and carrying several, erect, branched, often curved stems with numerous scale leaves and blooms on a terminal, elongating inflorescence with successive, nonresupinate flowers

Synonyms Cyrtosia minahassae (Schltr.) Garay 1986; Galeola javanica (Blume) Benth. & Hook. f. 1883; Galeola kawakamii J.J.Sm. ex Koord.-Schum. 1913; Galeola minahassae Schltr. 1911

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as Galeola javanica; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VI Seidenfaden 1978 as Galeola javanica drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fidew; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 41 2001 photo/drawing good; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing hmm; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing hmm; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo ok; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide

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