Cyrtochilum zebrinum (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1922 SECTION Eucyrtochilum Kranzlin Photo by Guido Deburghgraeve

Santa Marta Colombia Form

Santa Marta Colombia Form Inflorescence Photos by Jay Pfahl

Part Shade Cool LATESummer EARLY Fall

Common Name The Zebra-Like Cyrtochilum

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Colombia and Venezuela in more open forests at elevations of 1200 to 1800 meters as a just large sized, cool growing terrestrial orchid with a terete, woody, tough rhizome giving rise to gree, slightly compressed, smooth to slightly wrinkled pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several pairs of distichous, imbricating, leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying 2 to 3, apical, erct to arching, lanceolate, acute, thin yet stiff, keeled, conduplicate below into the stiff, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the summer on a 6'8" to 10'2" [2 to 3 m] long, paniculate, numerous branched, each to 8" [20 cm] long, sometimes to 16" [40 cm] long, each to 8 flowered, sometimes shortly secondarily branched to 3 flowered, purple spotted, scandent, to 50 flowered inflorescence with triangular, adpressed, yerllow brown bracts.

Synonyms Cyrtochilum engelii (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917 ; *Odontoglossum zebrinum Rchb.f. 1850; Oncidium engelii Rchb.f. 1876; Oncidium zebrinum (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1854

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853 as Oncidium zebrinum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Oncidium zebrinum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Oncidium zebrinum drawing good; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as C engelii drawing ok; Orchids of Peru Vol 4 Schweinfurth 1961 as Oncidium zebrinum; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Oncidium zebrinum drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 as Oncidium zebrinum; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 5 Foldats 1970 as Oncidum engelii; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 5 Foldats 1970 as Oncidium zebrinum drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 as Oncidium engelii drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Oncidium engelii drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Oncidium zebrinum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 562 Dodson drawing fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Oncidum engelii drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Oncidium zebrinum drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium/Odontoglossum alliance Bakers 2006; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 5 Epidendroideaea Part 2 Pridgeon, Chase, Cribb & Rasmusen 2009 drawing fide;

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