Dactylorhiza alpestris (Pugsley) Aver. 1983

Plant in Situ Photos by J.-F. Christians and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Inflorescence Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website


D majalis Group

Common Name The Alpine Dactylorhiza

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

A miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial from Spain, France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy and Yugoslavia in full sun near springs, seepages and marshy hollows in the mountains at elevations of 1500 to 2600 meters with 3 t o5, oval to elliptical, sometimes almost orbicular, spotted leaves with the uppermost 1 to 2 being bract-like, that blooms in the late spring and summer on an erect, terminal, 4 to 8" [10 to 20 cm] long, racemose, cylindrical inflorescence with leaflike bracts and many flowers.

Synonyms Dactylorchis alpestris (Pugsley) Verm. 1847; Dactylorhiza fistulosa subsp. alpestris (Pugsley) H.Baumann & Knkele 1988 ; Dactylorhiza latifolia subsp. alpestris (Pugsley) So 1962; Dactylorhiza latifolia var. pinguis (Asch. & Graebn.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza latifolia var. pumila (Freyn ex M.Schulze) So 1962; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. alpestris (Pugsley) Senghas 1968; Dactylorhiza majalis var. alpestris (Pugsley) Wucherpf. 2002 publ. 2003; Dactylorhiza majalis var. pumila (Freyn ex M.Schulze) H.Baumann 2002; *Orchis alpestris Pugsley 1935; Orchis latifolia f. pinguis Asch. & Graebn. 1907; Orchis latifolia f. pumila Freyn ex M.Schulze 1902; Orchis latifolia var. aggregata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. macrantha Zapal. 1906; Orchis latifolia var. robusta Harz 1896

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Rudolf SchlechterDie Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 as D majalis ssp alpestris; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005