Dactylorhiza aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So 1962

Flower Closeup


Plant and Flowers in situ Hachimantai highland Japan

Plant and Flowers ensituPhotos courtesy of Natsui from Japan and his Japan Orchids Page


Common Name The Spiked Dactylorhiza - IN USA - Fischer's Orchid [German Botanist in Russian Far East early 1800's] In Japan Hakusan-chidori - Mt. Hakusan plover orchid

Flower Size

Found in Russia, Japan Korea, China, and the Aluetian Islands of Alaska in moist open tundra, meadows and bogs at sealevel to 800 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with 25, blade often purple-spotted or suffused with purple leaves and flowering in the late spring and early summer on an erect, terminal, 10 to 16" [25 to 40 cm] long, several flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, floral bracts the larger often suffused with purple, extending well beyond the flowers.

Synonyms Dactylorhiza aristata f. alba P.M.Br. 1995; Dactylorhiza aristata f. albomaculata P.M.Br. 2004 publ. 2005; Dactylorhiza aristata f. perbracteata (Lepage) Catling 1982; Dactylorhiza aristata f. rosea P.M.Br. 1995; Dactylorhiza aristata var. kodiakensis Luer & G.M.Luer 1972; *Orchis aristata Fisch. ex Lindl. 1835; Orchis aristata var. immaculata Makino 1932; Orchis aristata var. maculata Makino 1932; Orchis aristata var. perbracteata Lepage 1952; Orchis beeringiana (Cham.) Kud 1922; Orchis latifolia var. beeringiana Cham. 1828;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of North America Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis aristata; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis aristata; Rudolf Schlcehter Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1971; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 6 1998 photo as D aristata var. perbracteata ; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #1 2009 photo;