Dactylorhiza caramulensis (Verm.) D. Tyteca 1989 Photo courtesy of V. Lecomte and the Orchids of France and Europe
D maculata Group
Common Name The Serra de Caramulo Dactylorhiza [A mountain in Portugal]
Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]
Found in Portugal, Spain and France in damp meadows, moist woods and flushed slopes on acidic substrates at elevations of 600 to 1400 meters as a medium to large sized, cold growing terrestrial with a thicker stem carrying 5 to 9, near erect to spreading leaves with the uppermost 2 to 4 bract-like that blooms in the later spring and early summer an a terminal, erect, 2 t o6" [5 to 15 cm] long, racemose, cylindrical, 30 to 70 flowered inflorescence with leaf-like bracts that are longer than the lower many flowers.
Synonyms Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. caramulensis Verm. 1970
References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005