Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962 D majalis Group Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

sun Cold LATERSpringSummer

Common NameThe Heart Shaped Lip Dactylorhiza

Flower Size .8" [2 mm]

Found in the Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Yugoslavia and Greece in full sun in marshy mountain meadows, stream banks and seepages at elevations of 900 to 2400 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with a hollow stem carrying 3 to 7, cauline, spotted blackish violet on upper side, broadly oval to lanceolate, erect to spreading, often arched downwards, largest one broadest towards the upper third leaves that blooms in the later spring and summer on an erect, 1.2 to 4.8" [3 to 12 cm] long, dense 5 to 40 flowered inflorescence with floral bracts often far longer than the lower flowers.

Synonyms Dactylorchis cordigera (Fr.) Verm. 1947; Dactylorhiza bosniaca (Beck) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza cordigera f. albiflora Landwehr 1977; Dactylorhiza cordigera subsp. graeca (H.Baumann) Kreutz 2004; Dactylorhiza cordigera subsp. pindica (B.Willing & E.Willing) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005; Dactylorhiza cordigera subsp. siculorum (So) So 1962; Dactylorhiza cordigera var. graeca (H.Baumann) Presser 2004; Dactylorhiza cordigera var. grisebachii (Pant.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza cordigera var. rhodopeia Presser 2004; Dactylorhiza cordigera var. rochelii (Griseb. & Schenk) So 1962; Dactylorhiza cordigera var. vermionica B.Willing & E.Willing 1987; Dactylorhiza graeca H.Baumann 1983; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. cordigera (Fr.) H.Sund. 1975; Dactylorhiza pindica B.Willing & E.Willing 1986 publ. 1987; Orchis blyttii (Rchb.f.) So 1928; *Orchis cordigera Fr.1842; Orchis cordigera f. banatica Asch. & Graebn.1907; Orchis cordigera f. grisebachii (Pant.) So 1926; Orchis cordigera f. macrobracteata (Schur) So 1928; Orchis cordigera f. rivularis (Heuff. ex Schur) So 1928; Orchis cordigera f. rochelii (Griseb. & Schenk) Klinge 1893; Orchis cordigera f. simonkaiana So 1927; Orchis cordigera f. subtriloba So 1928; Orchis cordigera lusus immaculata Klinge 1893; Orchis cordigera prol. rochelii (Griseb. & Schenk) Asch. & Graebn 1907; Orchis cordigera subsp. blyttii (Rchb.f.) K.Richt. 1890; Orchis cordigera subsp. bosniaca (Beck) Klinge 1898; Orchis cordigera subsp. siculorum So 1926 publ. 1927; Orchis cordigera var. bosniaca (Beck) Klinge 1899; Orchis cordigera var. caucasica (Klinge) Klinge 1899; Orchis cordigera var. foliosa Klinge 1893; Orchis cordigera var. grisebachii (Pant.) Klinge 1899; Orchis cordigera var. klingei E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis cordigera var. macrobracteata Schur 1853; Orchis cordigera var. rocheliana Klinge 1893; Orchis cordigera var. siculorum (So) Pauca 1972; Orchis cruenta Rochel 1828; Orchis cruenta subsp. blyttii (Rchb.f.) So 1927; Orchis foliosa Schur 1866; Orchis grisebachii Pant. 1871; Orchis hungarica Pant. ex G.Keller & So 1933; Orchis latifolia f. aequiloba (Harz) So 1928; Orchis latifolia f. blyttii Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis latifolia f. densa (Harz) So 1928; Orchis latifolia f. gracilis Schur 1853; Orchis latifolia f. inaequiloba (Harz) So 1928; Orchis latifolia var. abbreviata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. aequiloba Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. brevibracteata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. comosa Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. conica Lindl. 1835; Orchis latifolia var. cordigera (Fr.) .Reichenbach1851; Orchis latifolia var. densa Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. densiflora Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. elata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. humilis Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. inaequiloba Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. integra Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. lagotis Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis latifolia var. lanceata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. laxa Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. laxiuscula Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. macilenta Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. macrobracteata Schur 1885; Orchis latifolia var. macrochlamys Asch. & Graebn 1907; Orchis latifolia var. obtusa Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. orbiculatus Zapal 1906; Orchis latifolia var. parvicalcarata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. pyramidalis Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. rochelii Griseb. & Schenk 1852; Orchis latifolia var. sparsiflora Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. traunsteineriiformis Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. trifida Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. trilobata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. vulgaris Harz 1896; Orchis monticola Klinge 1898; Orchis monticola subsp. bosniaca (Beck) Klinge 1898; Orchis monticola subsp. cordigera (Fr.) Klinge 1898; Orchis rivularis Heuff. ex Schur 1866; Orchis rocheliana (Klinge) Klinge 1898; Orchis siculorum (So) So 1927; Orchis traunsteineri var. grisebachii (Pant.) E.G.Camus 1908

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 11 2008 photo

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