Dactylorhiza euxina (Nevski) Czerep. 1981 D incarnata Group Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

partial sun Cold LATERSpringSummer

Common NameThe Black Sea Dactylorhiza

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in the Caucasus and Turkey in full sun to mid shade in short grasslands, damp meadows and fens at elevations of 850 to 2900 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with a green stem often with violet streaks and carrying 3 to 6 cauline, near erect, unspotted, lanceolate to elliptic-oblong leaves that blooms in the later spring and summer on an erect, 1 to 2" [2.5 to 5 cm] long, densely several flowered inflorescence with the lower bracts longer than the flowers.

Synonyms Dactylorhiza armeniaca Hedrn 2001; Dactylorhiza cataonica subsp. caucasica (Klinge) So 1969; Dactylorhiza caucasica (Klinge) So 1962; Dactylorhiza caucasica var. markowitschii (So) Soo 1962; Dactylorhiza euxina subsp. armeniaca (Hedrn) Kreutz 2004; Dactylorhiza euxina var. markowitschii (So) Renz & Taubenheim 1983; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. caucasica (Klinge) H.Sund. 1975; Dactylorhiza markowitschii (So) Aver. 1983; Orchis angustifolia var. caucasica (Klinge) E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis caucasica (Klinge) Medw. 1919; Orchis caucasica var. markowitschii So 1926; Orchis cordigera var. caucasica (Klinge) Klinge in V.I.Lipsky 1899; *Orchis euxina Nevski 1935; Orchis monticola subsp. caucasica Klinge 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005;