Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965 Photo by ę Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and the Orchids of France and Europe

to EARLY

D majalis Group

Common Name The Fistula-Shaped Dactylorhiza - The Broad Leaved Marsh Orchid

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

A small to giant sized, cold growing terrestrial from Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Spain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, Ukraine, Belarus and most all of Russia with 2 to 5 lobed tubers and a stem carrying 4 to 8, ovate-lanceolate, plain green or spooted maroon leaves that blooms in the spring and early summer on a terminal, erect, 2 to 4" [5 to 10 cm] long, densely many flowered, racemose inflorescence with leaf-like bracts.

SynonymsDactylorchis deweveri Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis flavescens (C. Koch) Verm. 1947; Dactylorchis hoeppneri (A.Fuchs) Verm. 1947; Dactylorchis kerryensis (Wilmott) Verm. 1947; Dactylorchis latifolia (L.) Rothm. 1963; Dactylorchis latifolia subsp. brevifolia Bisse 1963; Dactylorchis majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965; Dactylorchis majalis f. albolileacea Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis f. alboliliacea Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis f. alpestroides Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis f. ampla (Asch. & Graebn.) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis f. atrorubens Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis subsp. cambrensis R.H.Roberts 1961; Dactylorchis majalis var. aequiloba (Harz) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. albiflora (Tinant) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. alborosacea (Erdner) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. alpestroides Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. atrorubens Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. brachyphylla Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. brevicalcarata (Harz) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. gracilis Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. immaculata (Harz) Verm.1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. integra (Harz) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. laxa (Harz) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. linguata (Harz) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. macrobracteata (Schur) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. magnicalcarata (Harz) Verm.1949; Dactylorchis majalis var. submaculata (Rchb.f.) Verm.1949; Dactylorchis occidentalis (Pugsley) Verm. 1947; Dactylorchis sphagnicola (H÷ppner) Verm. 1947; Dactylorchis traunsteinerioides (Pugsley) Verm. 1947; Dactylorhiza cambrensis (R.H.Roberts) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza comosa (Scop.) P.D.Sell 1996; Dactylorhiza comosa f. kerryensis (Wilmott) P.D.Sell 1996; Dactylorhiza comosa f. occidentalis (Pugsley) P.D.Sell 1996; Dactylorhiza comosa subsp. majalis (Rchb.) P.D.Sell 1996; Dactylorhiza comosa subsp. occidentalis (Pugsley) P.D.Sell 1996; Dactylorhiza comosa subsp. scotica (E.Nelson) P.D.Sell 1996; Dactylorhiza deweveri (Verm.) Soˇ 1962; Dactylorhiza ebudensis (Wief. ex R.M.Bateman & Denholm) P.Delforge 2000; Dactylorhiza fistulosa (Moench) H. Baumann & KŘnkele 1983; Dactylorhiza flavescens (C. Koch) Holub 1974; Dactylorhiza hoeppneri (A.Fuchs) Soˇ 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata f. punctata (Verm.) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1985; Dactylorhiza incarnata lus. albida (Rchb.f.) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. incarnata; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. punctata R.Doll 1978; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. pyrenaica Balayer 1986; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. sphagnicola (H÷ppner) H.Sund. 1980; Dactylorhiza kerryensis (Wilmott) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965; Dactylorhiza kerryensis subsp. occidentalis (Pugsley) H.Baumann & KŘnkle 1988; Dactylorhiza kerryensis var. occidentalis (Pugsley) Jebb 2009; Dactylorhiza latifolia subsp. baltica (Klinge) Soˇ 1962; Dactylorhiza latifolia subsp. occidentalis (Pugsley) Soˇ 1962; Dactylorhiza latifolia var. gracilis (Verm.) Soˇ 1962; Dactylorhiza latifolia var. kerryensis (Wilmott) Soo 1962; Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. sennia (Vollmar) Kreutz 2004; Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965; Dactylorhiza majalis f. alpestroides (Verm.) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. aspersa F.Proch. 1982; Dactylorhiza majalis f. atrorubens (Verm.) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. barlae (E.G.Camus) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. brevicalcarata (Harz ex Schltdl., Langeth. & Schenk) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. chwaszczyniensis Marg. & Tukallo 2012; Dactylorhiza majalis f. immaculata (Harz ex Schltdl., Langeth. & Schenk) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. laxa (Harz ex Schltdl., Langeth. & Schenk) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. linearis (Thielens) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. linguata (Harz ex Schltdl., Langeth. & Schenk) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. maculata (Thielens) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. magnicalcarata (Harz ex Schltdl., Langeth. & Schenk) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis f. tharandina (Rchb.f.) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis lus. albiflora (Thielens) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis lus. alboliliacea (Verm.) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis lus. alborosacea (Erdner) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis lus. carnea (Neuman) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis lus. pallida (Thielens) Soˇ 1970 publ. 1971; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. calcifugiens H.A.Pedersen 2004; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. cambrensis (R.H.Roberts) ined.; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. ebudensis (Wief. ex R.M.Bateman & Denholm) M.R.Lowe 2003; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. occidentalis (Pugsley) P.D.Sell 1968; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. parvimajalis (D.Tyteca & Gathoye) Kreutz 2004; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. scotica E.Nelson 1979; Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. sphagnicola (H÷ppner) H.A.Pedersen & HedrÚn 2004; Dactylorhiza majalis var. atrata A.J.Richards 1991; Dactylorhiza majalis var. bowmanii M.N.Jenk. 1995; Dactylorhiza majalis var. cambrensis (R.H.Roberts) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1983; Dactylorhiza majalis var. druceoides Balayer 1986; Dactylorhiza majalis var. ebudensis Wief. ex R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1995; Dactylorhiza majalis var. kerryensis (Wilmott) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1983; Dactylorhiza majalis var. occidentalis (Pugsley) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1983; Dactylorhiza majalis var. scotica (E.Nelson) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1983; Dactylorhiza majalis var. semimaculata R.Doll 1978; Dactylorhiza majalis var. traunsteinerioides (Pugsley) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1983; Dactylorhiza occidentalis (Pugsley) P.Delforge 1991; Dactylorhiza occidentalis var. kerryensis (Wilmott) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 2009; Dactylorhiza parvimajalis D.Tyteca & Gathoye 2000; Dactylorhiza purpurella subsp. majaliformis E.Nelson ex L°jtnant 1979; Dactylorhiza sennia Vollmar 2001 publ. 2002; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola (H÷ppner) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola f. calcifugiens (H.A.Pedersen) P.Delforge 2007; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola f. deweveri (Verm.) P.Delforge 2007; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola f. hoeppneri (A.Fuchs) P.Delforge 2007; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola f. sennia (Vollmar) P.Delforge 2007; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola subsp. calcifugiens (H.A.Pedersen) Kreutz & Sczep. 2007; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola subsp. deweveri (Verm.) Wenker 2001; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola subsp. hoeppneri (A.Fuchs) Dalkowski, Wende & Wenker 2001; Dactylorhiza sphagnicola subsp. sennia (Vollmar) Kreutz 2005; Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. traunsteinerioides (Pugsley) Soˇ 1962; Dactylorhiza traunsteinerioides (Pugsley) Landwehr 1975; Dactylorhiza traunsteinerioides var. ebudensis (Wief. ex R.M.Bateman & Denholm) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 2012; Dactylorhiza traunsteinerioides subsp. francis-drucei (Wilmott) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 2012; Dactylorhiza traunsteinerioides var. francis-drucei (Wilmott) F.M.Vßzquez 2008; Orchis altaica (Rchb.f.) Soˇ 1933; Orchis angustifolia Loiseleur ex Rchb. 1831; Orchis angustifolia var. densiflora Neuman 1909; Orchis angustifolia var. haussknechtii Klinge 1893; Orchis comosa Schur 1866; Orchis comosa Scop. 1772; Orchis condensa Schur 1866; Orchis divaricata Rich. ex Loisel. 1807; Orchis divaricata Boreau 1849; Orchis extensa Hartm. ex Pritz. 1855; Orchis fistulata Stokes 1812; Orchis fistulosa Moench 1794; Orchis flavescens C. Koch 1849; Orchis hoeppneri (A.Fuchs) H÷ppner ex Verm. 1947; Orchis impudica Crantz 1769; Orchis incarnata subvar. altaica Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis integrata E.G.Camus 1892; Orchis kerryensis Wilmott 1936; Orchis lanceata A.Dietr. 1833; Orchis latifolia Linne 1753; Orchis latifolia Scop. 1772; Orchis latifolia f. ampla Asch. & Graebn.1907; Orchis latifolia f. brevicalcarata (Harz) Soˇ 1928; Orchis latifolia f. laxa (Harz) Soˇ 1928; Orchis latifolia f. macrobracteata (Schur) Soˇ 1928; Orchis latifolia f. submaculata Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis latifolia subsp. majalis (Rchb.) Klinge 1898; Orchis latifolia var. albiflora Tinant 1836; Orchis latifolia var. brevicalcarata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. gracilis Warnst. 1883; Orchis latifolia var. immaculata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. integra Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. linguata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. macrobracteata Schur 1885; Orchis latifolia var. magnicalcarata Harz 1896; Orchis latifolia var. majalis (Rchb.) Nyman 1882; *Orchis majalis Rchb f.. 1828; Orchis majalis carnea Neuman 1905; Orchis majalis f. barlae E.G.Camus 1921; Orchis majalis f. brevicalcarata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895; Orchis majalis f. immaculata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895; Orchis majalis f. laxa Harz ex Schltdl. 1895; Orchis majalis f. linearis Thielens 1875; Orchis majalis f. linguata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895; Orchis majalis f. maculata Thielens 1875; Orchis majalis f. magnicalcarata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895; Orchis majalis lus. albiflora Thielens 1875; Orchis majalis lus. alborosacea Erdner 1911; Orchis majalis lus. pallida Thielens 1875; Orchis majalis subsp. traunsteinerioides Pugsley 1936; Orchis majalis var. occidentalis Pugsley 1935; Orchis majalis var. tharandina Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis palmata Gilib. 1792; Orchis pseudosambucina subsp. georgica Klinge 1898; Orchis Î pseudotraunsteineri subsp. hoeppneri A.Fuchs 2000; Orchis sphagnicola H÷ppner 1927; Orchis strictifolia Opiz 1852; Orchis tharandina Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis traunsteineri Saut. ex W.Koch 1837;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Orchis latifolia; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis latifolia; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 11 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 4 1999 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as D flavescens; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as D kerryensis; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

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