Dactylorhiza foliosa (Rchb.f) So 1962 Photo courtesy of R. Buscail and the Orchids of France and Europe

to LATER to EARLY

Dactylorhiza maculata Group

Common Name The Richly-Leaved Dactylorhiza

Flower Size about 1" [to 2.5 cm]

A native of the island of Madiera as a small to just large sized, cool to warm growing terrestrial at altitudes of 400 to 1150 meters in meadows near running water with digitate, 2 to 5 lobed tubers giving rise to a solid thick, grooved at the tip stem carrying 8 to 16, distichous, lanceolate to ovate, acute, glossy green, rarely faintly spotted leaves that blooms in the later spring and early summer on a terminal, erect, 3 to 8" [7.5 to 20 cm] long, densely flowered, pyramidal, bracteate, racemose inflorescence.

Synonyms Dactylorchis foliosa (Sol.) Verm. 1947; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) H.Sund. 1975; Dactylorhiza maderensis (Summerhayes) Summerhayes ?; Dactylorchis orientalis subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) Klinge 1898; *Orchis foliosa Solander 1800; Orchis latifolia var. foliosa Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach 1851; Orchis maderensis Summerhayes 1948; Orchis orientalis subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) Klinge 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis foliosa; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis madeirensis; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 7 1992 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 3 1994 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

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