Dactylorhiza foliosa (Sol. ex E.N. Lowe) So 1962 Photo courtesy of R. Buscail and the Orchids of France and Europe

to LATER to EARLY

Dactylorhiza maculata Group

Common Name The Richly-Leaved Dactylorhiza

Flower Size about 1" [to 2.5 cm]

A native of the island of Madiera as a small to just large sized, cool to warm growing terrestrial at altitudes of 400 to 1150 meters in meadows near running water with digitate, 2 to 5 lobed tubers giving rise to a solid thick, grooved at the tip stem carrying 8 to 16, distichous, lanceolate to ovate, acute, glossy green, rarely faintly spotted leaves that blooms in the later spring and early summer on a terminal, erect, 3 to 8" [7.5 to 20 cm] long, densely flowered, pyramidal, bracteate, racemose inflorescence.

Synonyms Dactylorchis foliosa (Sol.) Verm. 1947; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) H.Sund. 1975; Dactylorhiza maderensis (Summerhayes) Summerhayes ?; Dactylorchis orientalis subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) Klinge 1898; *Orchis foliosa Solander 1800; Orchis latifolia var. foliosa Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach 1851; Orchis maderensis Summerhayes 1948; Orchis orientalis subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) Klinge 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis foliosa; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis madeirensis; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 7 1992 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 3 1994 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

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