Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962 Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and the Orchids of France and Europe

Inflorescence Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website


D maculata Group

Common Name Fuchs' Dactylorhiza [German Professor 1500's] - Common Spotted Orchid - In China Zi Ban Zhang Lie Lan

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Iceland, Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Spain, France, Corsica, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Most Russia, Western Siberia and Mongolia in forest, grasslands and valley at elevations of 900 to 2300 meters as a small to medium sized, cold to cool growing with a sometimes slightly hollow, grooved stem carrying 7 to 12, ovate-oblong, to lanceolate-elliptic, purple spotted leaves that blooms in the late spring and early summer on an erect, 1.6 to 4" [4 to 10 cm] long, terminal, densely many [20 to 50] flowered, cylindrical, racemose inflorescence with leaflike bracts.

Synonyms Dactylorchis fuchsii (Druce) Vermeulen 1947; Dactylorhiza andoeyana Perko 2007; Dactylorhiza carpatica (Batouek & Kreutz) P.Delforge 2000; Dactylorhiza fuchsii f. alpina Landwehr 1975; Dactylorhiza fuchsii f. andoeyana (Perko) P.Delforge 2008; Dactylorhiza fuchsii f. meyeri (Rchb.f.) P.Delforge 2011; Dactylorhiza fuchsii f. rhodochila (Turner Ettl.) P.Delforge 2007; Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. carpatica (Batouek & Kreutz) Kreutz 2004; Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. hebridensis (Wilmott) So 1962; Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. meyeri (Rchb.f.) Kulikov & E.G.Philippov 2004; Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. okellyi (Druce) So 1962; Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. psychrophila (Schltr.) Holub 1964; Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. punicea J.Essink, L.Essink & Kreutz 2007; Dactylorchis fuchsii subsp. sooana Borsos 1959; Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. sooana (Borsos) Borsos 1961; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. alpina (Landwehr) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1989; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. brachystachys (E.G.Camus) So 1962; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. cornubiensis (Pugsley) So 1962; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. hebridensis (Wilmott) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1989; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. longibracteata Voth 1978; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. magnocalcarata Landwehr 1975; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. meyeri (Rchb.f.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. nesogenes (Briq.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. okellyi (Druce) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1989; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. psychrophila (Schltr.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. rhodochila Turner Ettl. 1991; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. sooana (Borsos) Kreutz 2004; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. tatrensis Borsos ex So 1960; Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. trilobata (Brb.) P.D.Sell in P.D.Sell & G.Murrel 1996; Dactylorhiza hebridensis (Wilmott) Aver. 1986; Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. fuchsii (Druce) Hylander 1966; Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. hebridensis (Wilmott) H.Baumann & Knkele 1988; Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. meyeri (Rchb. fil.) Tournay 1967; Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. okellyi (Druce) H.Baumann & Knkele 1988; Dactylorhiza maculata var. psychrophila (Schltr.) Voth 1980 ; Dactylorhiza meyeri (Rchb. fil.) Averyanov 1982; Dactylorhiza okellyi (Druce) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza psychrophila (Schltr.) Aver. 1982; Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. carpatica Batousek & Kreutz 1999; *Orchis fuchsii Druce 1915; Orchis fuchsii f. lancefolia Snarskis 1963; Orchis fuchsii f. maxima Snarskis 1963; Orchis hebridensis Wilmott 1939; Orchis longebracteata F.W. Schmidt 1791; Orchis longibracteata Schur 1866; Orchis maculata f. minor Zapal. 1906; Orchis maculata f. paluster E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis maculata f. recurvifolia Brenner 1912; Orchis maculata f. trilobata (Brb.) So 1928; Orchis maculata var. brachystachys A. Camus 1921; Orchis maculata var. cornubiensis Pugsley 1940; Orchis maculata var. curvifolia E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis maculata var. elongata Gadeceau 1892; Orchis maculata var. meyeri Rchb. fil. 1851; Orchis maculata var. nesogenes Briq. 1910; Orchis maculata var. okellyi Druce 1909; Orchis maculata var. slandzinskii Zapal. 1906; Orchis maculata var. submontana Zapal.1906; Orchis maculata var. triloba E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis maculata var. trilobata De Brebisson 1870; Orchis mascula var. triloba Brb. 1879; Orchis okellyi (Druce) Druce 1914 publ. 1915; Orchis maculata var. psychrophila Schltr. 1928

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 11 1980 photo fide; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 6 1999 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #1 2009 photo good; Orchid Digest Vol 76 #2 2012 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #2 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #5 2017 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 82 #1 2018 photo fide;