Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

Another Flower Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

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Common Name or Meaning The Flesh Colored Dactylorhiza - In China Zi Dian Zhang Lie Lan

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Ireland, Great Britain, Portugal, Spain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, Siberia, Kazakistan, Kirgiz, Turkimenistan, Mongilia and Northern China in coastal marshes, oligotrophic fens and damp meadows and stream banks at elevations up to 2400 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with hollow, erect stems carrying 4 to 8, yellowish-green, usually unspotted, narrowly lanceolate, broadest at the base leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on an erect, 1.6 to 6" [4 to 15 cm] long, dense, ovoid to cylindrical inflorescence.

Synonyms Dactylorchis incarnata (L.) Verm. 1947; Dactylorchis incarnata f. multiangulata Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata f. punctata Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. angustispicata Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. beckii Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. brachyphylla Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. brevicalcarata (Rchb.f.) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. divaricata (Rich. ex Loisel.) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. dunensis (Druce) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. extensa (Hartm.) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. latissima (Zapal.) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. leucantha Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. lobelii Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. longibracteata Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. noncircumscripta Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. remota Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. rhombeilabia (Rchb.f.) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. sublatifolia (Rchb.f.) Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. triangularis Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis incarnata var. vulgaris Verm. 1949; Dactylorchis latifolia (L.) Rothm. 1963; Dactylorhiza coccinea (Pugsley) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza comosa (Scop.) P.D.Sell 1996; Dactylorhiza fistulosa  (Moench) H. Baumann & Künkele 1983; Dactylorhiza gemmana (Pugsley) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza incarnata f. brevibracteata (Landwehr) P.Delforge 2006;Dactylorhiza incarnata f. ochrantha Landwehr 1975; Dactylorhiza incarnata nothosubsp. krylovii (So) ined; Dactylorhiza incarnata nothosubsp. versicolor (J.C.Schmidt ex Lscher) Potucek 1969; Dactylorhiza incarnata nothovar. versicolor (J.C.Schmidt ex Lscher) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. gemmana (Pugsley) P.D.Sell 1967; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. coccinea (Pugsley) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. jugicrucis Akhalk., R.Lorenz & Mosul. 2007; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. lobelii (Verm.) H.A.Pedersen 2001; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. ochroleuca (Wstnei ex Boll) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. pulchella (Druce) Soó 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. serotina (Hausskn.) So & D.M.Moore 1978; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. brachyphylla (Verm.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. brevibracteata Landwehr 1975; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. dunensis (Druce) Hyl, 1966; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. extensa (Hartm.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. haussknechtii (Klinge) Buttler 2004; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. immaculata Romolini & Sodi 2004; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. lobelii (Verm.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. macrophylla (Schur) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. obscura (Hppner) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. reichenbachii Gathoye & D.Tyteca 1994; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. seemenii (Asch. & Graebn.) Soo 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. serotina (Hausskn.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. straminea (Rchb.f.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza incarnata var. trifurca (Rchb.f.) Aver. 1988; Dactylorhiza intermedia (Serg.) Kulikov & E.G.Philippov 1999; Dactylorhiza krylovii (So) So 1962; Dactylorhiza ochroleuca (Wstnei ex Boll) Holub 1974; Dactylorhiza pulchella (Druce) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza serotina (Hausskn.) G.H.Loos 2010; Dactylorhiza strictifolia (Opiz) Rauschert ex Hudziok 1965; Dactylorhiza versicolor (J.C.Schmidt ex Lscher) Gathoye & D.Tyteca 1994; Orchis angustifolia Wimm. & Grab. 1829; Orchis angustifolia var. divaricata Nyman 1882; Orchis angustifolia var. extensa Hartm. 1843; Orchis angustifolia var. haussknechtii Klinge 1893; Orchis comosa var. angustifolia Ambrosi 1854; Orchis incarnata L 1755; Orchis incarnata f. atrirubra Godfery 1933; Orchis incarnata f. brevicalcarata Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata f. extensa (Hartm.) Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata f. fraasii Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata f. lanceata (A.Dietr.) Snarskis 1963; Orchis incarnata f. macrophylla Schur 1866; Orchis incarnata f. praecox Engenst. 1912; Orchis incarnata f. retusa (Rchb.f.) So 1928; Orchis incarnata f. rhombeilabia Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata f. rostriformis (Zapal) Soo 1928; Orchis incarnata f. stenophylla Asch. & Graebn. 1907; Orchis incarnata f. subfoliosa M.Schulze ex Asch. & Graebn. 1907; Orchis incarnata f. trifurca Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata lusus acroglossa Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata lusus pulchella Hppner 1924 publ. 1925; Orchis incarnata lusus retusa Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata nothovar. versicolor J.C.Schmidt ex Lscher 1918; Orchis incarnata subsp. fraasii (Rchb.f.) K.Richt. 1890; Orchis incarnata subsp. lanceata (A.Dietr.) E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis incarnata subsp. ochroleuca (Wstnei ex Boll) O.Schwarz 1949; Orchis incarnata subvar. altaica Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata var. albida Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis latifolia var. angustifolia Bab. 1843; Orchis incarnata var. borealis Nyman 1909; Orchis incarnata var. brevifolia A.Fuchs 1919; Orchis incarnata var. dunensis Druce 1916; Orchis incarnata var. fraasii (Rchb.f.) Soo 1928; Orchis incarnata var. haussknechtii (Klinge) O.Schwarz 1949; Orchis incarnata var. incisiloba Zapal. 1906; Orchis incarnata var. intermedia Serg. 1929; Orchis incarnata var. lanceata Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata var. lanceolata Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata var. latissima Zapal. 1906; Orchis incarnata var. serotina Hausskn. 1885; Orchis latifolia var. longibracteata Neilr. 1846; Orchis incarnata var. maxima Cuatrec. 1929; Orchis incarnata var. ochroleuca Wstnei ex Boll 1860; Orchis incarnata var. platyphylla Snarskis 1963; Orchis incarnata var. pulchella Druce 1918; Orchis incarnata var. rostriformis Zapal. 1906; Orchis incarnata var. seemenii Asch. & Graebn. 1907; Orchis incarnata var. straminea Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis incarnata var. subextensa Neuman 1909; Orchis incarnata var. sublatifolia Rchb.f 1851; Orchis krylovii So 1933; Orchis latifolia subsp. impudica So 1927; Orchis latifolia subsp. incarnata (L.) Hook.f. 1870; Orchis latifolia var. cambrica Pugsley 1935; Orchis latifolia var. cruenta (O.F.Mll.) Lindl. 1835; Orchis latifolia var. coccinea Pugsley 1935; Orchis latifolia var. divaricata (Rich. ex Loisel.) Nyman 1882; Orchis latifolia var. gemmana Pugsley 1935; Orchis latifolia var. incarnata (L.) Crp 1884; Orchis latifolia var. lineare Tinant 1836; Orchis latifolia var. maculata Tinant 1836; Orchis latifolia var. pallida Tinant 1836; Orchis macra Schur 1866; Orchis militaris Puccin. ex Parl. 1860; Orchis mixta Retz. 1779; Orchis mixta var. incantata (L.) Retz. 1779; Orchis strictiflora Opiz 1825; Orchis traunsteineri var. serotina Hausskn. 1885

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis incarnata; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Orchis foliosa var incarnata drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis incarnata; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 11 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 6 1986 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 1 1997 photo as D incarnata subsp. coccinea; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 drawing fide; Orchids of Europe North Africa and the Middle East Defarge 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 6 2006 photo; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing hmm

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