Dactylorhiza insularis (Sommier) Landwehr 1969

Plant in situ Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Plant and FLowers insitu Photo courtesy of T.H. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe


D sambucina Group

Common Name The Island Dactylorhiza

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

This small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial is found in Portugal, Spain, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Italy and Morocco in full sun to mid-shade of open woodlands, meadows and short grasslands at elevations up to 2000 meters with a slender stem carrying 5 to 9, near erect, linear-lanceolate leaves and it blooms on an erect, terminal, laxly many flowered, racemose inflorescence that has leaflike bracts and blooms in the spring with fragrant [elder] flowers.

Synonyms Dactylorhiza bartonii (Huxley & P.F. Hunt) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza fasciculata (Tineo) Averyanov 1984; Dactylorhiza iberica subsp. insularis (Sommier) Soo 1962; Dactylorhiza insularis f. bartonii (Huxley & P.F. Hunt) Gathoye & Tyteca 1994; Dactylorhiza insularis f. castellana (Rivas Goday) Bernardos 2002; Dactylorhiza insularis var. bartonii (Huxley & P.F. Hunt) Landwehr 1987; Dactylorhiza insularis subsp. castellana (Rivas Goday) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez 1987; Dactylorhiza romana subsp. bartonii Huxley & P.F. Hunt ?; Dactylorhiza sambucina subsp. insularis (Sommier) So ?; *Orchis insularis Sommier 1896; Orchis pseudosambucina subsp. castellana Rivas Goday 1945; Orchis sambucina f. hybrida W.Zimm. in ?; Orchis sambucina f. robusta Neuman 1901; Orchis sulphurea subsp. castellana (Rivas Goday) Rivas Goday 1963

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000 as D bartonii; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005