Dactylorhiza osmanica (Klinge) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965 D incarnata Group Photos courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

sun Cold LATERSpringEARLYSummer

Common Name The Ottoman Dactylorhiza [Found in the Historic Boundaries of the ancient Empire]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Turkey and Syria at elevations of 500 to 2400 meters in meadows, open marshy woodlands and stream banks in full sun as a small to just large sized, cold growing terrestrial with a thick, hollow stem carrying 4 to 10 cauline, unspotted, broadly to rather narrowly lanceolate, keeled often hooded at apex, spreading to near erect leaves that blooms in the later spring and early summer on an erect, to 8" [ to 20 cm] long, densely numerous flowered inflorescence with the upper leaves being bract-like and has green floral bracts that are longer than the flowers.

Synonyms Dactylorhiza cataonica (H.Fleischm.) Holub 1964; Dactylorhiza caucasica var. cataonica (H.Fleischm.) Soo 1962; Dactylorhiza cilicica (Klinge) So 1960; Dactylorhiza elata subsp. anatolica E.Nelson 1979; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. cilicica (Klinge) H.Sund. 1975; Dactylorhiza olocheilos (Boiss.) Aver. 1984; Dactylorhiza osmanica var. anatolica (E.Nelson) Renz & Taubenheim 1983; Orchis cataonica H.Fleischm. 1914; Orchis cilicica (Klinge) Schltr. 1927; Orchis incarnata var. olocheilos Boiss. 1882; Orchis olocheilos (Boiss.) So 1927; Orchis orientalis subsp. cilicica Klinge 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005;