!Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937 D incarnata Group

Plant and flowers insitu

Photos courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

sun ColdLATERSpring EARLYSummer

Common Name The Dark Dactylorhiza -In China Yin Sheng Zhang Lie Lan

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in northern Xinjiang province of China, Central Asia, Kazakastan, Kirgystan, Tazbeckistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Pakistan in meadows, streambanks, flushed slopes and open marshy forests at elevations of 1000 to 3800 meters as a small to medium sized cold growing terrestrial with a thick, hollow stem carrying 4 to 9, unspotted or purple spotted on both sides, spreading to near erect, keeled, sometimes hooded at the apex, very broadly to very narrowly lanceolate leaves with the upper 1 to 3 are smaller and extend beyond the base of the inflorescence blooming in the later spring and early summer on an erect, dense to nearly lax, 2 to 10" [5 to 25 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with floral bracts that are shorter than the flowers

Synonyms Dactylorchis umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Wendelbo 1952; Dactylorhiza chuhensis Renz & Taubenheim 1984; Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. turcestanica (Klinge) H.Sund. 1980; Dactylorhiza kotschyi (Rchb.f.) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965; Dactylorhiza merovensis (Grossh.) Aver. 1983; Dactylorhiza persica (Schltr.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza renzii Aver. 1983; Dactylorhiza sanasunitensis (H.Fleischm.) So 1962; Dactylorhiza umbrosa subsp. persica (Schltr.) Kreutz 2007; Dactylorhiza umbrosa var. afghanica (So) So 1962; Dactylorhiza umbrosa var. chuhensis (Renz & Taubenheim) Kreutz 1998; Dactylorhiza umbrosa var. longibracteata Renz 1978; Dactylorhiza umbrosa var. ochroleuca (Bornm.) Renz 1978; Dactylorhiza vanensis E.Nelson 1979; Orchis hatagirea var. afghanica Soo 1928; Orchis incarnata f. ochroleuca Bornm. 1939; Orchis incarnata var. kotschyi Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis kotschyi (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1923; Orchis merovensis Grossh. 1927; Orchis olocheilos var. sanasunitensis (H.Fleischm.) So 1927; Orchis orientalis subsp. turcestanica Klinge 1898; Orchis persica Schltr. 1918; Orchis sanasunitensis H.Fleischm. 1914; Orchis turkestanica (Klinge) Klinge ex B.Fedtsch 1908; *Orchis umbrosa Kar. & Kir. 1842

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide