Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981 D praetermissa Group Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

sun ColdLATERSpring Summer

Common Name Urville's Dactylorhiza [French Sailor late 1700's to 1800's]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Turkey and Iran in damp meadows, marshy depressions and flushed slopes at elevations up to 2700 meters as a small to just large sized, cold growing terrestrial with a solid to slightly hollow stem carrying 4 to 8, cauline, marked on upperside, near erect, oval-lanceolate leaves with the uppermost 1 to 2 being barct-like and blooming in the later spring and summer on an erect, 2 to 10" [5 to 25 cm] long, densely 10 to 90 flowered inflorescence with floral bracts that are often spotted and longer than the flowers.

Synonyms Dactylorhiza affinis (K.Koch) Aver. 1983; Dactylorhiza amblyoloba (Nevski) Aver. 1989; Dactylorhiza ilgazica Kreutz 1997; Dactylorhiza lancibracteata (K.Koch) Renz 1978; Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. triphylla H.Sund. 1980; Dactylorhiza saccifera subsp. cartaliniae (Klinge) So 1962; Dactylorhiza saccifera var. pontica (H.Fleischm. & Hand.-Mazz.) Soo 1962; Dactylorhiza triphylla (H.Sund.) Czerep. 1981; Dactylorhiza urvilleana subsp. ilgazica (Kreutz) Kreutz 2004; Dactylorhiza urvilleana subsp. phoenissa B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005; Dactylorhiza urvilleana var. pontica (H.Fleischm. & Hand.-Mazz.) P.Delforge 2008; Orchis affinis K.Koch 1849; Orchis amblyoloba Nevski 1935; Orchis basilica subsp. cartaliniae Klinge 1898; Orchis cartaliniae (Klinge) Medw. 1919; Orchis lancibracteata K.Koch 1849; Orchis maculata lusus immaculata Schur 1870; Orchis maculata subsp. lancibracteata (K.Koch) So 1927; Orchis maculata var. broteri Sommier & Levier 1900; Orchis maculata var. cartaliniae (Klinge) Schltr. 1927; Orchis maculata subsp. lancibracteata (K.Koch) So 1927; Orchis maculata var. pontica (H.Fleischm. & Hand.-Mazz.) So 1927; Orchis pontica H.Fleischm. & Hand.-Mazz. 1909; Orchis saccata d'Urv. 1822; Orchis triphylla K.Koch 1849;*Orchis urvilleana Steud. 1841

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005