Dendrobium nobile Lindley 1830 SECTION Dendrobium

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Another Clone

Photo by Dale and Deni Borders

FragrancePart sunCoolTo Hot MOSTLYWinterSpring

Common Name The Noble Dendrobium - In Thailand Ueang Khao Kiu - In China Shi Hu

Flower Size to 3" [to 7.5 cm]

This is a medium sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial or lithophytic species from the Chinese Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam that is found in broadleaf, evergreen, lowland forests and primary montane forests as well as on mossy limestone rocks at elevations of 200 to 2000 meters with erect, clustered, compressed, grooved with age, yellowish stems carrying distichous, coriaceopus, strap shaped or oblong, persistent leaves that blooms mostly in the winter and spring but is possible throughout the year on short, 2 to 4 flowered racemes with fragrant honey to musk by day and mown hay at night scented, waxy, heavy-textured, long-lived, highly variable [mostly color] flowers that arise at the upper nodes of leafed and leafless canes.

They need a decided winter rest from fertilizer and water to ensure a good bloom season and the yellowing of the leaves in the fall is the sign to begin. This species can keiki form the older canes.

The Chinese have used this species as a cure-all for many ailments, as to how, it was not mentioned.

Synonyms Callista nobilis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Dendrobium coerulescens Wallich 1838; Dendrobium formosanum [Rchb.f]Masamune 1933; Dendrobium lindleyanum Griffith 1851; Dendrobium nobile f. nobilius (Rchb.f.) M.Hiroe 1971; Dendrobium nobile var. alboluteum Huyen & Aver. 1989; Dendrobium nobile var. formosanum Rchb.f. 1883; Dendrobium nobile var. nobilius Rchb.f. 1833; Dendrobium nobile virginale Rolfe 1900; Dendrobium wallichianum B.S.Williams 1862

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo good; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var ballianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var backhousianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var cooksonianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var elegans; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var intermedium; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var nobilius; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var sanderianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var schroederianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D nobile var tollianum; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 photo good; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var ballianum; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var backhousianum; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var cooksonianum; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var elegans; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var intermedium; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var nobilius; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var sanderianum; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var schroederianum; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D nobile var tollianum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Eudendrobium nobile drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1953; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 10 1958 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 5 1960 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 7 1960 photo fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960; AOS Orchid Culture 1963 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 10 1964 photo fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as D lindleyana; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #8 1967 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #10 1967 photo fide; Beautiful Indian Orchids and How to grow them Ghose 1968; Beautiful Indian Orchids and How to grow them Ghose 1968 as D nobile var pendulum; Beautiful Indian Orchids and How to grow them Ghose 1968 as D nobile var alba; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 #1 1979 photo fide; Die Orchideen #3 9-12 tafel 4 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 6 1972 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975 as D nobile var sanderianum photo fide; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977; The Genera of Orchidaceae in Hong Kong Shiu-ying Hu 1977; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 4 1979 photo; Orchids in Colour Ritterhausen 1979 photo fide; ; Indian Orchids, A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979; Indian Orchids, A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979 as D nobile var coerulescens; Indian Orchids, A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979 as D nobile var cooksonianum; Indian Orchids, A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979 as D nobile var schroderianum photo; Indian Orchids, A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979 as d nobile var tollianum; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 5 1984 photo fide; Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh Hegde 1984 photo fide; Opera Botanica #83 Orchid Genera in Thailand XII Dendrobium Sw. Seidenfaden 1985 drawing/photo fide; Simon & Schuster's Guide to Orchids Orchids 1988 photo fide; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombay 1992 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 # 11 1994 postal drawing ok; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994 as D nobile var alboluteum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 1 1995 photo as D nobile var alboluteum; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 #9 1995 photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 11 1996 as D nobile var trilabellatum photo fide; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 #10 1997 Photo fide; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 63 #4 1999 photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 5 2000 photo; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001 photo fide; Botanica's Orchids 2002 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide; Slipper Orchids of Vietnam Averyanov, Cribb, Loc and Hiep 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 #3 2004 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradham 2005 photo fide; Hainan Island Wild Orchid illustrations 2005 photo hmm; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 4 2006 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 6 2006/7 photo; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 #10 2007 photo fide; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 3 Tanaka 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Orchid Digest Vol 74 #4 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #6 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #9 2010 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 6 2010 photo fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo hmm; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Orchid Digest Vol 75 #1 2011 photo fide; Le Petit Larousse des Orchidees Lecoufle, Barthelemy & Schmidt 2013 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 Photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #11 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2017 photo fide;Orchid Digest Vol 82 #3 2018; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #1 2019 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #2 2019 photo fide;

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Dendrobium nobile Lindley 1830 var alba Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

A white version of the previous species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 10 1970 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 2 2000 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 9 2006 photo fide;

Dendrobium nobile var alboluteum Huyen & Aver. 1989; Photo by Leonid Averyanov

A white version with a yellow lip of the previous species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 #1 1995 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 63 #2 1999 photo fide;

Dendrobium nobile Lindley 1830 var virginale "Lenore" CCM/AOS

A white version of the previous species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids in Colour Ritterhausen 1979 photo fide; Indian Orchids : A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 2 1993 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 11 1996 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 10 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 10 2000 photo fide; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide;

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