Dendrobium salaccense (Blume) Lindl. 1830 SECTION Grastidium [Bl.] J.J.Sm.TYPE for the Section Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Andre Schuitemann, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website. and Flora Malesiana Vol III

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Common Name The Salakka Dendrobium [town in Sumatra - Indonesia] - In China Zhu Zhi Shi Hu

Flower Size .2 to .8" [.5 to 2 cm]

Found in China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Java, Borneo and Sumatra in riparian forests at elevations of 500 to 1800 meters as a small to large sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte on trees and lithophyte on rocks in forests and open places with slender, often pendulous, shiny, woody stems carrying, many, slender, distichous grass-like leaves confined to the upper 2/3's of the cane and blooms in the spring and summer on a .8" [2 cm] long, 1 to 4 flowered inflorescence emerging from nodes opposite the leaves with variable flowers even within the same inflorescence.

In Malaysia the fragrant leaves of this species are cooked with rice to give it a special spicy taste and aroma and some people in west Sumatra wear dried leaves in their hair as a perfume.

Synonyms Callista bambusifolia (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Callista cathcartii (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Callista haemoglossa (Thwaites) Kuntze 1891; Callista intermedia (Teijsm. & Binn.) Kuntze 1891; Callista salaccense (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Dendrobium bambusifolium E.C.Parish & Rchb.f. 1874; Dendrobium cathcartii Hook.f. 1890; Dendrobium haemoglossum Thwaites 1864; Dendrobium intermedium Teijsm. & Binn. 1853; Dendrobium salaccense var major J.J.Sm. 1905; Grastidium bambusifolium (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Brieger 1981; Grastidium cathcartii (Hook.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1997; Grastidium haemoglossum (Thwaites) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1997; *Grastidium salaccense Blume 1825

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Hooker's Icones Planetarum Vol 21 Hooker 1890 as D cathcartii drawing fide; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as D bambusifolium; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as D salacense var major; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D bambusifolium; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D cathcartii; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910; Contributions to the Knowledge of the Orchid Flora of Sumatra Schlechter 1911; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1953; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 1 1958 as D cathcartii drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 3 1958 as D cathcartii drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 5 1959; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as D bambusifolium; Die Orchideen lieferung 11 Schlechter/Brieger 1981 as Grastidium bambusifolium photo plant only; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978; Indian Orchids: A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979 as D cathcartii photo ok; Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh Hegde 1984 as D cathcartii; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo ok; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchid Species Culture Dendrobium Bakers 1996 as D cathcartii; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996 as D haemoglossum; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 as Grastidium cathcartii photo fide; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 as Grastidium salacence photo ok; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo ok; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 2001; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001 as Grastidium salacense; The Orchids of Bhutan Cribb & Pearce 2002 as D cathcartii photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Hainan Island Wild Orchid illustrations 2005 photo fide; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as D cathcartii drawing hmm; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as D haemoglossum; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo ok; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; A Guide tothe Dendrobium of Borneo J J Wood 2013 photo fide; Dendrobium of Borneo Wood 2014 photo/drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 Photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014

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