Dendrobium speciosum J. E Smith 1805 SECTION Dendrocoryne

Flower Closeup

Another Angle Photos by Jay Pfahl

Yellow flower variety Photo courtesy of Jean Claude George

Plant and Flowers Photo courtesy of Guy Cantor .

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Common Name The Outstanding Dendrobium - Sydney Rock Orchid - Rock Lily

Flower Size to 3" [to 7.5 cm]

Found in New South Wales and Victoria Australia from the coastline to about 150 miles inland on rocks at the base of cliffs in open forests with good air movement as a small to medium sized, cool to hot growing lithophyte with swollen or clavate, several noded, slightly sulcate stems covered with sheathing bracts and carrying 2 to 5, towards the apex, ovate or oblong, thick, coriaceous, obtuse leaves. They bloom in the spring with fragrant flowers on an erect or pendant, to 18" [45 cm] long, many flowered raceme and need cool to warm conditions, and a drier winter rest with no water or fertilizer. The pleasingly fragrant flowers open in the daytime and close as the cooler evening temps take hold.

Synonyms Callista speciosa (Sm.) Kuntze 1891; Dendrobium curvicaule (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1989; Dendrobium hillii Hooker not F. Mueller 1861; Dendrobium pedunculatum (Clemesha) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1989; Dendrobium speciosum f. hillii (Mast.) Dockrill 1969; Dendrobium speciosum subsp. capricornicum (Clemesha) D.P.Banks & Clemesha 1990; Dendrobium speciosum subsp. curvicaule (F.M.Bailey) D.P.Banks & Clemesha 1990; Dendrobium speciosum subsp. grandiflorum (F.M.Bailey) D.P.Banks & Clemesha 1990; Dendrobium speciosum subsp. hillii (Mast.) D.P.Banks & Clemesha 1990; Dendrobium speciosum subsp. pedunculatum (Clemesha) D.P.Banks & Clemesha 1990; Dendrobium speciosum var. blackdownense Peter B.Adams 2006; Dendrobium speciosum var. boreale Peter B.Adams, Jac.M.Burke & S.D.Lawson 2006; Dendrobium speciosum var. carnarvonense Peter B.Adams 2006; Dendrobium speciosum var. capricornicum Clemesha 1990; Dendrobium speciosum var. curvicaule F.M.Bailey, 1896; Dendrobium speciosum var. delicatum F.M.Bailey 1884; Dendrobium speciosum var. fusiforme F.M.Bailey 1883; Dendrobium speciosum var. grandiflorum F.M.Bailey 1896; Dendrobium speciosum var hillii Hkr. f 1877; Dendrobium speciosum var. pedunculatum Clemesha 1981; Dendrobium speciosum var. typicum Domin 1915; Dendrobium tarberi M. Clements & D. Jones 1989; Dendrocoryne speciosum (Sm.) Brieger 1981; Dendrocoryne speciosa var. fusiforme (F.M.Bailey) Brieger 1981; Thelychiton capricornicus (Clemesha) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002; Thelychiton curvicaulis (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, 2002; Thelychiton pedunculatus (Clemesha) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002; Thelychiton speciosus (Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002; Thelychiton tarberi (M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002; Tropilis speciosa (Sm.) Butzin 1982

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 D speciosum frma grandiflorum; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 D speciosum var curvicaule; Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 D speciosum var fusiforme; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D hillii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927 as D hillii; Die Orchideen 2 Auflage Schlechter 1927; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 9 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as D speciosum var hillii; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 4 1966 photo; The Orchids of New South Wales Rupp 1969; The Orchids of New South Wales Rupp 1969 as D speciosum var gracillimum; The Orchids of New South Wales Rupp 1969 as D specieosum var hillii; Die Orchideen lieferung 11 Schlechter/Brieger 1981 as Dendrocoryne speciosum drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 5 1982 photo; Dendrobium Orchids of Australia Upton 1989 drawing/photo fide; Dendrobium Orchids of Australia Upton 1989 as D speciosum var hillii drawing/photo fide; Dendrobium Orchids of Australia Upton 1989 as D speciosum var grandiflorum drawing fide; Dendrobium Orchids of Australia Upton 1989 as D speciosum var capricornicum derawing fide; Dendrobium Orchids of Australia Upton 1989 as D speciosum var curvicaule drawing fide; Dendrobium Orchids of Australia Upton 1989 as D speciosum var pedunculatum drawing fide; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo good; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 7 1994 photo; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996 as D curvicaule; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996 as D pedunculatum; Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996; Orchid Species Culture, Dendrobium Bakers 1996as D tarberi; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 3 1999 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 2 2000 photo; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 as D speciosum var curvicaule photo fide; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 as D speciosum var grandiflorum photo fide; Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 as D speciosum var pedunculatum photo fide; Orchids Australia Vol 13 No 2 2001; Australian Orchid Review Vol 66 No 5 2001 photo; Orchids Australia Vol 12 No 6 2000 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 1 2002 photo; Botanica's Orchids 2002 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 1 2004 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 3 2004 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 70 No 3 2005; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 1 2006 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 5 2006 photo; The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Thelychiton capricornicus photo good; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Thelychiton speciosus photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Thelychiton curvicaulis photo good; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Thelychiton pedunculatus photo good; Australian Orchid Review Vol 72 No 2 2007 photo; Le Petit Larousse des Orchidees Lecoufle, Barthelemy & Schmidt 2013 photo fide;

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