Dichaea morrisii Fawc. & Rendle 1910 SECTION Pseudodichaea

Different Colored Flower Photos by Karl Senghas and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Another Flower Surinam Photo by Maarten Sepp

Another Angle Photo by Milan Vagner

Another Flower Photo by Alejandro Calderon Gonzalez

Another Flower ? Photo by Ecuagenera and Their Ecuador Orchid Website

Common Name Morris's Dichaea

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil in wet montane forests at elevations around 600 to 2500 meters as a miniature to medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with erect to pendant, simple to rarely branched, stiff to flexuous stems completely enveloped by imbricate, leaf bearing sheaths and carrying many, membraneous to subcoriaceous, disitchous, oblong to elliptic-oblong to elliptic, oblique, rounded, subacute to mucronate leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on an axillary, .25 to .4" [8 to 1 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence carrying large for the genus, fleshy flowers.

Distinguished for the large size of the plant, the dehiscent leaves , the muricate ovary and capsule, the triangular infrastigmatic ligule that can be pubescent or glabrous apically.

Synonyms *Cymbidium muricatum Sw. 1799; Dichaea bradeorum Schltr. 1923; Dichaea moritzii Rchb.f 1858; Dichaea muricata (Sw.) Lindl. 1833; Dichaea muricata var. moritzii (Rchb.f.) Cogn. 1906; Dichaea ovatipetala Schltr. 1923; Dichaea robusta Schltr. 1929; Dichaea verrucosa A. & S. 1925; Dichaeopsis morrisii (Fawc. & Rendle) Schltr. 1920; Epithecia morrisii (Fawc. & Rendle) Schltr.1915; Epidendrum muricatum (Sw.) Poir. 1810

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as D muricata; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as D muricata drawing hmm; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as D muricata; Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetablis Beibeite Band 6 Venezuela Schlechter 1919; Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetablis Beibeite Band 6 Venezuela Schlechter 1919 as D muricata; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 154. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as D bradeorum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 264. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as D brenesii; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 307. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as D similis; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as D muricata drawing ok; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as D muricata; Orchids of Guatemala Vol 2 Ames and Correll 1953 as D muricata; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 as D bradeorum; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 as D ovipetala; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 as D verrucosa; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 excluded; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 as D muricata excluded; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 as D muricata; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing ok; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as D muricata; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as D muricata; Orchids of Peru Vol 4 Schweinfurth 1961; Orchids of Peru Vol 4 Schweinfurth 1961 as D muricata; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as D muricata drawing not = D latifolia; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as D muricata; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 as D muricata drawing hmm; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as D muricata drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as D muricata drawing/photo hmm; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 as D muricatadrawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as D muricata drawing not = D latifolia; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing not = D robusta; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as D muricata; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 044 Dodson 1980 as D muricata drawing not = D hirtzii; Miniature Orchids Northen 1980 as D muricataphoto good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 043 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as D muricata drawing ok; Icones Planetaru Tropicarum Plate 654 Hamer 1982 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 658 Hamer 1982 as D similis drawing hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 662 Hamer 1982 as D verrucosa drawing hmm; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as D muricata photo hmm; Catalogo Descriptivo de las Orquideas de Cuba Acuna 1987; Catalogo Descriptivo de las Orquideas de Cuba Acuna 1987 as D muricata; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 as D muricata photo ok; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 ss D muricata drawing ok; Native Orchids of the Eastern Caribbean Kenny 1988 as D muricata; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as D similis drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as D verrucosa drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0047 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0318 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing ok; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 as D muricata photo fide; ; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 photo fide [3rd photo only]; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1994 photo close; Die Orchideen lieferung 30 Schlechter/Brieger 1994 photo fide; Orchids of Jamaica Glouden & Tobisch 1995 as D muricata photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995 as D muricata; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as D robusta drawing ok; Orchidaceae Antillinae Nir 2000 as D muricata drawing ok; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as D robusta photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as Dichaea robusta; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera & Zamora 2003; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera & Zamora 2003 asa D robusta; Floras Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 as D muricata; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orquideas de la Republica Dominicana and Haiti Fernandez 2007 as D muricata photo fide; The Organ Mountain Range Its History and its Orchids Rio de Janiero Miller, Warren, Miller and Seehawer 2008 as D muricata drawing/photo ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 as D muricata 2 photos fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo hmm; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 drawing fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 as D muricata drawing /photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlatchetko, Veyret, Mytnik-Ejdsmont,Sawika, Rutkowski and Baranow 2012 as D mnuricata drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo ok; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 4 Kolanowska and Szlachetko 2016 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas del Valle de Aburra Medellin Colombia COS 2014 photo fide; Orquideas de Zamora Chinchipe Tomo 1 Epidendroideae 1 Jimenez y fil 2014 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 4 Kolanowska and Szlachetko 2016 as D muricata drawing/photo fide

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