!Dichromanthus cinnabarinus (Lex.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982

Photo by © Mary E. Gerritsen


by © Carlos Velazco Macias

Drawing Drawing by © Miss Drake and Edward's Botanical Register volume 33 (N.S. 10) plate 65


Common Name The Cinnabar Colored Dichromanthus - The Cinnabar Ladies Tresses

Flower Size .8 to 1.2" [2 to 3 cm] long

Found in Texas USA, Mexico and Guatemala on rocky montane slopes, grassy hills and canyon meadows often around limestone at elevations of 1800 to 2200 meters as a medium to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with an erect, glabrous below pubescent above stem enveloped by 6 to 9 bladeless, cauline sheaths and carrying 3 to 4, ascending, dark green, linear-oblanceolate leaves that are present at flowering which occurs in the late summer and earlier fall on an erect, congested, 1.6 to 6.8" [4 to 17 cm] long, 30 to 40 flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, longer than the ovary floral bracts.

Synonyms Cutsis cinnabarina (Lex.) C.Nelson 1994; Dichromanthus cinnabarinus f. aureus P.M.Br. 2006; Dichromanthus cinnabarinus subsp. galeottianum (Schltr.) Soto Arenas & Salazar 2002 publ. 2003; Gyrostachys cinnabarina (Lex.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys montana (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; *Neottia cinnabarina Lex. 1825; Ophrys peregrina Sessé & Moc. 1890; Spiranthes cinnabarina (Lex.) Hemsl. 1884; Spiranthes montana A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Spiranthes montana (Lindl.) Hemsl. 1884; Stenorrhynchos cinnabarinum (Lex.) Lindl. 1840; Stenorrhynchos galeottianum Schltr. 1918; Stenorrhynchos montanum Lindl. 1842

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandiua rchb.f 1856 as Stenorrhynchos cinnabarinum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Stenorhynchos cinnabarinus; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Spiranthes cinnabarina drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Spiranthes cinnabarina; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 as Spiranthes cinnabarina drawing/photos fide; ORQUIDEA (Méx. ) 10 (1) ABRIL 1986 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 41 pg 2565 - 2625 Brieger 2001 drawing fide; Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 -6 Plate 548 Hagsater & Soto 2002 drawing fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 3 Orchidoideae Part 2 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmusen 2003 photo fide; Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Texas PM Brown 2008 Photo/drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #4 2009 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #12 2016 photo fide;