Dichaea trulla Rchb. f. 1866 SECTION Dichaeopsis

Side View of Flower

Another Angle

Photos by Franco Pupulin and The Epidendra Website

Flower from Peru

Photo by H Teuscher

Part shadeHotWarmSpring

Common Name The Scoop-Shaped Dendrochilum

Flower Size 2/5" [1 cm]

Found from Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surianam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil at elevations around 50 to 1800 meters in wet montane forests, as a small to medium sized, pendulous, caespitose, hot to cool growing epiphyte with a monopodial stem enveloped completely by imbricate leafless below and leaf-bearing sheaths above that carries alternating, distichous, narrowly lanceolate-ligulate, acuminate leaves that are conduplicate at the base into a short petiole and blooms in the spring on an axillary, 1 to 1.12" [2.5 t o2.8 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with a glabrous ovary and holding the flowers close to the stem and leaf.

Distinguished from others in the genus by the elongate, descending rostellum

Synonyms Dichaea brenesii Schltr. 1923; Dichaea coriacea Barb. Rodr. 1881; Dichaea powellii Schltr. 1922; Dichaeopsis trulla (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918; Epithecia coriacea (Barb. Rodr.) Schltr. 1915; Epithecia trulla (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 90. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 264. 1923 as Dichaea brenesii; *Beitr. Orchid.-K. C. Amer.: 104. 1866; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956 as D brenesii; Ceiba Vol 5 L O Williams 1956; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing hmm; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 #8 1964; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #10 1967 photo fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 drawing good; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 050 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 660 Dodson 1982 drawing ok; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0048 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 photo good; Native Colombian Orchids VOl 4 COS 1994 photo okish; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994 drawing fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995;Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 227 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing hmm; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera & Zamora 2003 drawing good; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 photo fide; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #2 2011 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlatchetko, Veyret, Mytnik-Ejdsmont,Sawika, Rutkowski and Baranow 2012 as D hookeri drawing/photo fide; Orquidees du Bresil, As Orquideas da Serra do Castelo Espirito Santo Brasil Chiron & Bolsanello 2014 drawing/photo good; Orquideas de Zamora Chinchipe Tomo 1 Epidendroideae 1 Jimenez y fil 2014 photo fide; Orchids of the Darien Gap Kolanowska 2014 drawing ok; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #2 2020 photo fide;